Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Learning Theories - Essay Example

Masters
Author : jacinthemckenzi
Essay
Education
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Download 1

Summary

Learning defined as 'the act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.' (American Heritage, 2000). On a psychological perspective, 'learning is often defined as a change in behavior (Birkenholz, 1999), which is demonstrated by people implementing knowledge, skills, or practices derived from education.'

Extract of sample
Learning Theories


Behaviorists like Ivan Pavlov (1936) and Skinner (1990) states that behavior is explained by environmental causes, rather than by internal forces. It also emphasizes that the environment influences human behavior. Whereas, the Social Learning theory, states that people learn through the observation of other people. According to Bandura, (1977, p22) 'Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasion s this coded information serves as a guide for action.' (1977, p22). On the other hand, Cognitive Learning theorist 'were concerned with cognition - the act or process of knowing.' (Smith, 1999). Researchers like Jean Piaget, while recognizing the contribution of environment, explored changes in internal cognitive structure. It explained that every human being is bound to these stages. This also tells us that learning depends on the level or stage that we are in. Lastly, Humanistic approach to learning have explained that human beings as self-actualizing. The theory explains that people are bound to growth.
In humanism, 'learning is student centered and personalized, and the educator's role is that of a facilitator. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Comparison of three learning theories
All these theories will be compared and contrasted as well so as to understand the similarities and differences. Social Cognitive Theory Social cognitive theory explains the acquisition of behavioral patterns by human beings. It is based on the idea that human beings learn by observing the behavior of other people around them. According to the social cognitive theory there are three factors that have an impact on behavior namely environment, person, and behavior. A person acquires knowledge when environment combines with personal characteristics and experience. A learner also evaluates new…
3 pages (753 words)
Learning Theories
Because of that, different types of learning methods are prevailing among people. Different scholars and psychologists have formulated different learning theories after comprehensive researches and studies. “Although there is no acceptable definition of learning, a generally accepted definition of learning is any relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience” (Chowdhury, 2006, p.1). Learning is a process and a product at the same time. Many of the psychologists defined learning as a change in behavior. It is a fact that all the people behave in a particular…
Learning Theories and Emergent Theories of Learning.
Starratt (2008) posit that decontextualized and depersonalized learning method in instruction posed an inauthentic, dishonest, disrespectful, and, hence, do not a virtuous learning approach (p. 1). Learners should be taught to discover the relevance and goodness of dialogue between learners and the relation of intelligible realities to their mutual interdependence (Starratt, 2008, p 1). These learning processes need learning-centred and extensive monitoring of their academic progress, as well as, diagnose the learning difficulties of students (Masters, 2005). Standard academic development is…
6 pages (1506 words)
Discuss the influence of cognitive learning theories on educational policy and practice
Behaviorism The behaviorist learning perspectives started off in the early 1900s. They later became dominant at the beginning of the 20th century. The main idea used in behaviorism is the fact that learning consists of behavior changes due to the reinforcement, application and acquisition of associations among stimuli achieved for the environment and recognizable responses of a person. Many behaviorists are attracted in measurable changes seen in a person’s behavior. Thorndike, a most important behaviorist theorist, asserts that a response to an incentive is toughened when followed by…
6 pages (1506 words)
Learning theories
Teachers are regularly struck with suggestions for reforms. They are often asked to use different curricula, new assessment and novel teaching strategies. They are constantly been directed to prepare learners for new standardized test or to assess learner’s work by way of conducting portfolios and performance assessments. They are often advised to practice research based approaches to teach learners in order to enhance their performances (Wilson & Peterson, 2006). Traditionally, learning was perceived as just acquisition of skills and knowledge whereas currently, the concept has been viewed…
17 pages (4267 words)
prominent learning theories
Operant conditioning falls in the category of behavioral learning theories. Another theorist named Jerome Bruner came up with his own theory of learning which is recognized as discovery learning theory and this theory falls in the category of cognitive learning theory. In this theory he stated that learning takes place when an individual comes in contact with a particular stimuli, he forms a perception regarding that stimuli and then acts according to the formed perception (Leonard, 2002, p.97). The perception they develop regarding a stimuli is dependent upon the learner’s environment. A…
3 pages (753 words)