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In an attempt to provide achievement incentives, educators must serve as role models who inspire creative and critical thinking and who acknowledge the value of intuitive as well as analytic processes. This can best be accomplished by exposing students to a variety of expertly handled clinical cases either through field experiences or simulated case studies which stimulate the student to impute meaning and make inferences about client outcomes and the process of nursing…
In working with my protg I tried to apply the knowledge I received while getting acquainted with the principles of teaching and learning developed by the most prominent of the contemporary theorists of the psychology of learning.
According to the social learning theory, developed by Albert Bandura, people learn through the observation of others. Bandura (1977) states: "Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action." (p22). This theory is supported and developed by the social cognitive theory, which emphasizes the importance of beliefs, expectations and self-perception in the learning process. Social cognitive theory distinguishes between enactive and vicarious learning. Enactive learning is learning by doing and experiencing the consequences of your actions (self-regulation of behavior, goal directed behavior, self-monitoring), while vicarious is learning by observing others.(Bandura, 1977). ...
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