Thus, the aims of education are apparently focused on the child.
According to Barrows and Woods (1999, p.8), the word education means "the criterion built into [it] that something worth while should be achieved." This essay shows various theories about the aims of education in relation to children's lives-as a human right, as a process of growth, as a production of wisdom, and as guide to the adulthood of the child. Modern theorists are in favour of freedom and liberty in education while traditional schools are still tied up to old ideals.
Though not all theories are applicable to the modern society, some theories are still effective in other schools. The child remains to be the focus in almost all theories and philosophies in education today. Adults, specifically teachers and parents are given equal importance with each other in guiding the child's development and growth into a rational human being and as a moral person.
Peters (1975, p.64) affirmed that Rousseau was one of the theorists who saw education as a process of growth where educational objectives and teaching methods were adapted to the child's present stage of development. He has described in his book A Critique of Current Educational Aims that the school classroom is like a garden of children with the green-fingered teacher. ...Show more