This essay will review the theories of language acquisition and their relationship to the academic outcomes of 16 students enrolled in a childcare course. First, popular theories of language acquisition will be presented. Secondly, the process of langue development in a child will be outlined…
This paper will review theories of language acquisition and their relationship to the academic outcomes of 16 students enrolled in a childcare course. First, popular theories of language acquisition will be presented. Secondly, the process of langue development in a child will be outlined, whilst emphasizing developmental stages that vocab, syntax, and pragmatics occur. Finally, an indication of learning developments at secondary school and at higher education will be discussed, particularly in regard to students undertaking a childcare course. I would like to remind the reader of Clibbens warning of not to be caught up in the various debates which can deviate from the true purpose of helping all children, young people and adults to use language and communicate.
It is generally accepted that language acquisition is partly innate and partly environmental (Bickerton, 1990). It is generally conceded that for all people, language development is a gradual process that occurs through general development and interaction with people and the environment.
Skinner's (1957) behavioral approach to language acquisition was simply a set of habits. He did not consider language to be different to any other behavior. The learner of a language is a tabular rosa - an empty slate. He ignored nativist approaches of innate knowledge, as the inner workings of language were unobservable and so un-measurable. Skinner insisted that interaction with the environment leads to stimulus-response conditioning and that the product of this is knowledge. For example, an unconditional environment brings about an unconditional response, the response is followed by an event that is to the liking of the learning organism, and the response becomes positively reinforced. If this sequence of events occurs a number of times, the organism learns to associate the response to the stimulus to the reinforcement. So that when encountering the stimulus again, the same response will be elicited, and so becomes a conditioned response. Behaviorism considers that all learning, including language, occurs through this process of establishing habits. Hence, a linguistic input is due to linguistic utterances in one's environment as stimulus. However, it has been noted in research since that imitation alone does not allow for language acquisition, and simplistic stimulus-response conditionings do not account for it either (Kiyamazarslan, 2001).
Piaget (1952) was a biologist and a psychologist and yet he felt that language acquisition was due to social interaction (cited in Kiymazarslan, 2001). He saw a child's language ability as being reflected in their ability to manipulate symbols, and that a child learns when they are developmentally ready to. ...
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“The Theories Of Language Acquisition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/304082-language-development-essay.
She is trying to teach them vocabulary regarding food. She makes them look at the map and point out a place at the map. A child touch somewhere on the map and the slide moves on to the food specialty of that country. She targets at their imaginative skills by asking them to name the food they see on the screen.
It functions automatically. In contrast, the learned system is built via formal instruction, and involves conscious knowledge for the grammar rules. According to Krashen, these two systems operate independently, thus knowledge from one system cannot cross-over to the other.
It teaches ways of business language acquisition through task performance using the target language.
The main objective of this course is to equip Oil Co. executives with words appropriate for correctly communicating (speaking, translating and interpreting) oil-associated ideas and messages to others at the work place.
This change in terminology represents a more accurate reflection of the process of language acquisition. The article 'The effectiveness of Instructional Issues, Theories, Models and Strategies for Mainstreamed English Language Student' by Judy S Richardson (2005) addresses important theories for second language acquisition, issues that arise out of theories and how these issues influence or should influence effective instructions.
His dad read: "The man named Lot was warned to take his wife and flee out of the city but his wife looked back and was turned to salt." Concerned, James asked: "What happened to the flea'"
Much as parents, teachers and other adults would enjoy children's innocent witticisms, psychologists and linguists study its form and meaning to contribute to the widening interest in language development research.
Even before they turn one, babies are able to understand the meaning of words and by their first birthday, they begin to pronounce them in an effort to communicate to those around them. The starting point is usually simple words before they finally master the language to which they have been exposed, that is, their first language.
However, in order to ensure that the students and the teacher do not conflict over the content in written and spoken English (Elfers et al. 2009). To identify how suitable a text is, the use of the RANGE program is applied to analyze a text.
According to the report psycholinguist and developmental psychologist studies the acquisition of native languages. Although, there is no clear explanation of how infants learn to speak. Most explanation is based on the inference that infants have a natural tendency of understanding grammar and observation that infants simulate what they hear and learn from others.
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