At first, let's define the characteristics of the positive environment. Positive environment has to provide the opportunities for the healthy and full physical, social, personal and cultural development of the child.
There should be enough space for the child for him/her to develop their physical skills, like strength, dexterity and the coordination of movement. The setting should provide the safe area, where the children can run, jump and play active games. There also should be the toys designed to assist the child in developing the movement and coordination. The children should be provided time for physical activities, and time for the qualitative rest. The importance of healthy nutrition for the proper physical development is also great, so the child should be given the food proper for his/her age and taking into consideration the child's individual nutrition recommendations.
The children should be given plentiful opportunities for socializing with both their coevals and the adults in order to give them basic social and communicational skills. No child should be excluded from the communicational process because of his/her physical and mental features that distinguish him/her from the other children. The members of the staff should teach the children about the proper forms of social interactions.
Every child should be given the opportunities to reveal his/her physical, mental or social potential without any pressure from the staff or the other children. The child's creative attempts should be supported by the members of the staff, and he/should be given chance to practice and perfect his/her skills. The staff should also provide the children with the opportunities to take personal decisions without putting pressure on the child. The kid should be able to develop the sense of independence and responsibility for his/her actions.
In order to ensure the cultural development for his fosterlings the teacher should give them the chance to get acquainted with the basic forms of art, and acquaint them with some of the cultural acquisitions of the humanity in the form that would be approachable for them. The teacher also shouldn't, to the possible extend, neglect the cultural needs of the children of ethnical and cultural origin different from that of the majority of the pupils.
As children are more vulnerable towards various infections and diseases than the adults are, it should be one of the main teachers' concerns to provide the healthy and hygienic environment for them. There shouldn't be the things in the setting that can hurt the children both physically or psychologically. And, of course, the environment should be clean for the kids not to dirty themselves.
It's usually a problem for children in the beginning to part with their family in order to stay in the nursery school. The kids may feel themselves dropped and insecure. It is the task for the staff to organize the environment in such a way for the kid to feel himself or herself secure and protected, and to make the sojourn in the nursery pleasant and exciting for the child in order to make him/her want to come back.
The early childhood is the time where most attitudes towards the people in the surrounding world are formed, that's why it's so important