StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Curriculum and Shaping of Education - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
They defined curriculum as "a set of intentions about opportunities for engagement of persons-to-be-educated with other persons and with things (all bearers of information, processes, techniques, and values) in certain arrangements of time and space."
Tanner and Tanner (1980) traced the history of curriculum definitions showing that "curriculum has been variously defined as: 1) the cumulative tradition of organized knowledge; 2) modes of thoughts; 3) race experience; 4) guided experience; 5) a planned learning environment; 6) cognitive/affective content and process; 7) an instructional plan; 8) instructional ends or outcomes; and 9) a technological systems of production."
Historically and currently, the dominant concepts of the curriculum is that of subjects and subject matter therein to be taught by teachers and learned by students. In high schools and colleges, the term curriculum has been and still is widely used to refer to the set of subjects or courses offered, and also to those required or recommended or grouped for other purposes; thus, terms as the college preparatory curriculum, science curriculum, and premedical curriculum are commonly used. In curriculum terminology, program of studies is more properly used in these connections.
Despite efforts for over a half century to achieve broader and different curriculum foci, the concept of curriculum as subject matter persists as the basis of the dominant curriculum design. It was central to and emphasized by the wave of curriculum development in the subject fields that began in the 1950s and was stimulated by the Russian advance into out space and subsequent pressure to improve American education.
The concept of the curriculum as subjects and subject matter has been reflected in a plethora of theories relating to principles for selection, sequence, and grade placement of subject matter. Comprehensive state merits of the theory underlying curriculum planning for a subject curriculum are of relatively recent origin, perhaps because the process was so long unchallenged and in a general sense is well known. Curriculum planning for a subject curriculum follows a fairly common formula:
1. Use export judgment (based on various social and educational factory to determine what subjects to teach).

2. Use some criterion matter for particular populations (grouped, for example, by state. District age, or grade) and subjects.

3. Plan and implement appropriate methods of instruction to ensure mastery of the subject matter selected.

Even with the more sophisticated theories and processes new now available, we reject as inadequate any conception of the curriculum which confines education to the fields of organized knowledge, earner, when subject planning and materials development were well done that they are today, curriculum theorizing generally tended to be focused on moving away from the subject design.

ii. The Curriculum as Experience
The concept of th ...Show more


Since education is an orderly and deliberate effort, some plan is needed to guide this effort. The term curriculum generally refers to this plan. The way in which curriculum is defined reflects value judgments regarding the number of education. The definition used also influences how curriculum will be planned and utilized.
Author : drobel
Curriculum and Shaping of Education essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Curriculum and Shaping of Education"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Religious Education Curriculum as a Basis for Developing an Ethos of Mutual Respect among Pupils
One of the most captivating factors is that religious curriculum in most countries are not the same. I realised that religious education is an extremely crucial subject in the society and that it plays a very significant role in modelling the society and instilling discipline among students and the society at large.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The curriculum NZ Early Years Curriculumhas a role in shaping future identities. (Ross, 2000, p.149)
The Te Whariki early childhood curriculum values play as an effective tool in facilitating children’s learning and development. Wood (2004) contends that in maximizing the potentials of play as a teaching tool, adults have a great role to play in planning challenging environments, engaging children in learning from play activities, facilitating children’s language development, observing and evaluating children’s learning through play and encouraging its continuity and progress.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
General Education Curriculum Access
Some scholars attribute the overrepresentation of black students in special education to the use of identification tools such as IQ tests, which they claim can be culturally biased. When Congress reauthorized  IDEA in 1997, it added a provision requiring districts to monitor the racial and ethnic breakdown of students receiving special education services.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Higher Education Curriculum
According to the report the curriculum under the provision that provides regulation for higher education institutions should meet all the requirements in providing workplace knowledge, scenarios and give the learners room to think. Several things affect the curriculum changes and upgrades and these are the forces of change in the curriculum.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
As a description of curriculum, it is difficult to find a better one than this of Marsh. In recent years, with interest increasing in what is taught at different stages of education, curriculum has gained a place of importance in the education-connected regions.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Education - Curriculum
?Asking questions, asking the right questions, asking the right questions of the right people; secrets to the success of curriculum evaluation (Oliva, 2003). Evaluation is a continuous process through which data is gathered and analyzed with the purpose of improving a system.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Curriculum development
Bobbitt’s (1918) The Curriculum has usually presented a particular conception of the curriculum. Many of these conceptions have contained similar elements, if not phraseology, and some efforts at their classification have been
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Managing the Curriculum
In practice, the term is used for referring ‘either to a syllabus or the means for the implementation and the assessment of learning outcomes’ (Middlewood and Burton 2001, p.4). In this paper emphasis is given to the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Students graduating from this school lack scientific and technical proficiency due to inadequate exposure to practical classes. Additionally, technology programs in the school are
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The role of communities programmes (such as after school club and mentoring program) in shaping education
These programs even help students to reduce their risk behaviours that might have resulted into poor academic performance. It is
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Curriculum and Shaping of Education for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
  • About StudentShare

  • Testimonials

  • FAQ

  • Blog

  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays

  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us