This paper will analyze the concept of multicultural education has recently become one of the most debated topics in the field of education. Multicultural education is a broad philosophical concept that relies on the principles of equality, freedom, justice, and human dignity. …
In fact, multicultural education represents a response to the dynamically changing demographic situation observed in the United States. According to the most recent projections, by 2020 approximately 46 percent of the whole public school student population will be children of color and more than 20 percent will be from poor families (Banks, 1997). Evidently, addressing the diverse learning needs of such population is a pressing task faced by the US educational system.
However, the monocultural approach that has traditionally been the cornerstone of American education mostly focuses on the values, instructions and content of middle class Eurocentric student population. Such focus substantially complicates the process of learning the academic knowledge for students of different cultural and social background: the incompatibility between the culture of ethnic and social minority students and the educational approach based on the values of majority seriously affects achievement and contributes to academic failure of students (Nielson, 1991). Therefore, an increasingly multicultural student population in the US stresses the need to address the systemic, curricular, and pedagogical barriers that negatively affect academic performance and achievement of minority students. Furthermore, the concept of multicultural education also recognizes that "an increasingly multicultural nation and a shrinking and contentious planet at the edge of the twenty-first century demands a people who are critical thinkers and able to deal with the complexities of multicultural differences" (Hanley, 2002).
Many believe that multicultural educational...
This paper approves that many believe that multicultural educational policies help students develop new human capabilities and new identities in order to properly respond to the increasing need to recognize cultural diversity. Multicultural education promotes the ideals of cultural and educational equity, social justice thus enabling students to reach their fully potential in learning the curriculum. The idea of multicultural education looks extremely attractive as an effective tool to reinforce the democratic multicultural society and at the same time respect the inclination of different ethnic groups to preserve their cultural traditions.
This essay makes a conclusion that multiculturalism definitely has the potential to become a serious tool in reducing discrimination and inequalities in the realm of education. Multicultural education practices often fail to address the difficult task of unifying the society without neglecting the cultural and ethnic traditions of minorities. Moreover, the constantly changing society creates new challenges that can hardly be addressed within the existing framework of multicultural education.
However, failure to achieve certain goals does not mean that the concept of multicultural education is futile per se. On the contrary, it should create additional motivation for scholars and teachers to look for innovations and new opportunities to meet the challenges of these days and correct the previous mistakes. Multicultural education must be changed seriously to effectively respond to the needs of this epoch. ...
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206). This paper shall analyze community demographics and predict the form of diversity expected in the classroom. It shall identify cases which represent the diverse groups found within the community. The paper will research upon the social services and community resources available and institutional barriers anticipated so as to enhance the best possible learning.
The historical origin of this approach can be traced back to the civil rights movements when African Americans and other historically oppressed minorities challenged discriminatory educational practices in the 1960s (Davidman and Davidman, 1997). Since those days multicultural education has developed into a broad framework encompassing variety of models sharing the core principles of multicultural approach.
One learning theory I use in my class is Constructivism, a theory based on studies of Dewey, Piaget, and Vigotsky, which states that people learn by constructing their own understanding and knowledge of the world through experience and reflection on those experiences.
Culture, as a body of learned behaviors common to a given human society, acts rather like a template (ie. it has predictable form and content), shaping behavior and consciousness within a human society from generation to generation. So culture resides in all learned behavior and in some shaping template or consciousness prior to behavior as well (that is, a "cultural template" can be in place prior to the birth of an individual person).
Basically the whole world is becoming a global village and telecommunication brings up the revolution in every part of society and social life. This includes education also, creating a learning environment that takes into account the needs of various group of learners, differentiated on gender, racial and Ethnic background, different cultural & economic background, different geographical and social setting, is one of the most difficult jobs.
According to the Wikepedia (2008) culture "generally refers to patterns of human activity and symbolic structures that give such activity meaning." Cultures are described as systems in constant flux, without fixed boundaries, that interact and compete with each other (Wikepedia 2008).
The class observed for this purpose is a Kindergarten class of 15 pupils. Classes are held every morning from 8-10. My visits transpired on a Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, staying for the duration of five hours in total, which is the required number of hours for the activity.
The authors offer an insight into the history of the US multicultural characteristics and its influence in institutional interactions. In respect of students, the unique cultural background among the US learners has compelled the government to initiate a multicultural approach to address national unity and explore tolerance and equality.
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