StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Speaking Tests - Assignment Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Speaking Tests

The OPI is a face-to-face or telephonic interview that consists of three phases: a warm-up phase, a series of level checks and probes, and a wind-down phase. This is one of the most widely accepted tests for speaking ability and is used by government agencies (The Defense Language Institute, The Peace Corps), testing institutions (Educational Testing Service) and the Federal Interagency Language Roundtable.
There are many advantages to the OPI system of testing. It is easy, quick and apparently accurately forecasts the degree to which a foreign-speaker will be able to communicate in English. Unlike written tests, it actually tests English speaking ability which, as with all languages, is completely separate from the ability to read and write. The test can be performed quickly and the tester can interview multiple people in a single session. This is particularly importance within the context in which this test is often given.
Thus graduate students from foreign countries are often given the test before they can perform grading and/or teaching duties in American universities. Resources for such testing are limited, and so the ability for one tester to perform multiple tests in one day is vital.
There are, however, detractors who ...
Basically, Messick suggests that the OPI tests do not actually represent real-life conversations.
Part of the problem with OPI tests are that they do not really reflect the sheer range of speaking that occurs in actual life. Thus there is monologic speaking (one person), dialogue speaking (two people) or multiple speakers, such as in a meeting with several colleagues. The OPI tests tend to test only one of these: the dialogue. As Brown (2003) and Bonk (2003) have suggested, some speakers do better with dialogue and some with discussion activities. A test that tests one over the other is bound to be somewhat limited in its scope. Another basic problem with this type of test (although it may in fact be shared with all speaking tests) is the variability of the interviewer and his/her affect upon the test results. Each interviewer will have a unique speech style, pattern and intonation that may help (or hinder) the interviewee (Brown, 2003). Thus the test result may be seen as a co-score reached by both the tester and the subject, rather than an accurate measure of the non-native speaker's communication prowess.
This tendency may be countered by careful training of the tester and the equally careful process of self-evaluation and objective supervision which must occur. Within one center periodic test interviews can be undertaken in which the same candidate is tested by all the testers (with suitable renumeration of course) and the tests and then compared. If test results vary too much from the mean then some additional training etc, is perhaps needed.
As McNamara (1997, 2002) suggests, the more educated, skillful and eloquent the ...Show more


The basic question involved with speaking tests is "what is speaking ability" (Johnson, 2001) This might seem self-evident, but it is an essential quandary for those attempting to design tests for a number of purposes. Old theories of communicative competence and proficiency have been replaced by an explanatory framework known as "interactional competence" (Marysia, 2001)…
Author : umurphy
Speaking Tests essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the assignment on your topic
"Speaking Tests"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

WAIS-III Assessment. Psychological tests
Emma's full scale IQ score is 104. This is the score for the verbal plus the performance. This means that she has average intelligence, as average intelligence is marked by scores between 90-109. The score may or may not be meaningful as an analysis of her overall performance.
10 pages (2500 words) Assignment
Testing Speaking Skills
The tremendous growth of information technology and multimedia has exposed the new generation today to an environment of gadgets and gizmos leaving the routine learning environment lagging behind in terms of conduct and communication skills with regard to children's requirement in today's fast moving presentation and learning methodologies.
9 pages (2250 words) Assignment
Tests of Intelligence
ainly applied for profile analysis meant to diagnostically distinguish between average and exceptional children and for identifying specific cognitive strengths and weaknesses (Watkins, Glutting & Youngstrom, 2005) Developed by David Wechsler, this is an intelligence test for
2 pages (500 words) Assignment
Speaking annhiliation
Russell states that the scale of war of mankind has been expanded by the control of nature and war in turn expanded the scale on which people tried to control
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Personality Tests
The score for my test for this particular factor is above average which shows that I like to be social gatherings and enjoy the company of others most of the time. Although this is not completely true because I do not
3 pages (750 words) Assignment
Speaking and Listening Skills
However, the demand for the beans is forecasted to increase to 4.5million tonnes by the year 2020. This might lead to the possibility of people to indulge into the unethical means to increase the level of production without maintaining the product
9 pages (2250 words) Assignment
Public speaking
Secondly, I am flexible so that I can detect and adapt to the changing moods of my audience. Whenever I notice that my audience is not satisfied I change my approach and include more captivating stories
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Public speaking
party, but it appeared that more people came and she had to rearrange the details and the same amount of food was served for bigger number of
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Listening and speaking skilss
Secondly, keeping messages brief and straight to the point is an important element when it comes to good interpersonal skills. I need to improve on the
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us