Studies reveal that there is a relationship between the social or normative and technical dimensions of school restructuring suggesting that as schools shift towards more communal norms, they are also more likely to implement technical changes and revise their curricular and instructional practices (Mussoline and Shouse, 2001, 44)…
In their study School Restructuring as a Policy Agenda, Mussoline and Shouse (2001) highlights this relationship - between school restructuring and their consequent effect - by asking, "[t]o what extent should one expect the technical reforms linked to restructuring to produce consistent achievement effects across all types of schools" (p. 45). Taking a similar position, this essay will argue that school restructuring will not be successful, especially in less affluent schools with low socioeconomic status, if restructuring practices are reduced to a list of prescriptive policy agendas imposed upon schools due to the effect contextual factors have on the success and eventual outcome of restructuring.
Looking into the literature of school reform, there has been numerous practice identified by different schools of thought outlining ways for restructuring schools. From such literature, it is apparent that each restructuring practice have its own set of requirements for successful implementation. On the other hand, each school also has its own set of organizational and instructional characteristics that determine its ability to implement changes within the overall school structure which affect the effectiveness of school restructuring (p. 47). ...
and Murphy's study entitled "The Social contest of Effective Schools," Mussoline and Shouse identifies principal-teacher relations, decision-making, and parental involvement as factors that distinguishes a school's organizational and instructional capabilities (Mussoline and Shouse, 2001, 47). These factors also distinguish schools between high and low socioeconomic statuses (SES). According to Shouse, given the distinction between schools with low and high SES, there are certain kinds of restructuring practices that did not yield the same beneficial results when implemented in low SES schools if compared to schools with high SES (p. 48). Contextual factors therefore have a hand in altering the effects of restructuring practices among schools with low SES. Hence, it is only logical to conclude that prescribing a single policy agenda for school restructuring may not be beneficial for the school system, in general, and for low SES schools, in particular, if not all schools can positively benefit from the prescribed restructuring practices.
Contextual factors have significant effects on school restructuring in two ways: first, given the lack of social resources among low SES schools, these schools do not have the necessary safety nets present among high SES schools that reduces the risks of flawed, poorly executed, or highly complex instructional practices (p. 49). As Mussoline and Shouse argues, schools with high SES have more responsive students that increases the positive effects from restructured practices, especially those that prescribe constructivist and student-centered reforms. In addition, the academically oriented support structures present in these communities also helps reinforce the restructuring practices being implemented. Together, student ...
Cite this document
(“A Prescriptive Agenda for School Restructuring Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/education/308559-a-prescriptive-agenda-for-school-restructuring
(A Prescriptive Agenda for School Restructuring Essay)
“A Prescriptive Agenda for School Restructuring Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/308559-a-prescriptive-agenda-for-school-restructuring.
This is one of the significant aspects that demean the usefulness of the approach to strategic planning in the current economic climate that undergoes continuous change. The research has led to the realization of the importance of maintaining flexibility in the implementation of strategy.
From this research it is clear that in spite of the mixed observations, it is still worth noting that strategic planning still plays significant role in helping achieve organizational objectives. It provides a sketch upon which the realized strategies will be based to help keep a particular course of direction. However, the planners must allow change to occur and be ready to learn and adapt to the changes.
Corporate Restructuring can be defined as an act of reconfiguring the organization. It involves acquiring certain business line and adding them to the current business offering. It may also involve downsizing or selling some of the business lines. It may also involve creating spinoffs and SPVs for strategic purposes.
One essential component of the agenda-setting process is what E. E. Schattschneider ( 1975:69) refers to as the "mobilization of bias"--some matters are organized into politics while others are organized out. drawing from Schattschneider, as "a set of prime values, beliefs, rituals, and institutional procedures ('rules of the game') that operate methodically and consistently to the benefit of certain persons and groups at the expense of others." They raise the prospect that through the "mobilization of bias" some individuals would limit decision making to relatively non-controversial matters by influencing and controlling the political grounds in which the issues surface.
To understand the design process better, the learner according to design the model has to view the problem as a multidisciplinary problem, requiring a broader approach to solve (Pugh, 1991). Mathews (2011) further notes that the use of technical language through symbols helps an individual to understand broader concepts, yet requiring just a few symbols to comprehend.
It is notable that there are various aspects on both of these strategies that are effective in the current economic climate. Focus should be made to ensure that they are not mutually exclusive. There is possibility for a company to adopt both strategies successfully.
The article therefore investigates the development of the media in the decade and the portrayal of the vital function. In investigating the role of the media in setting agenda, the article analyses political activities in a country.
Agenda setting is the creation of public concern and awareness of salient issues by news media. It is also defined as all the issues that perceived by citizens to be worthy of attention by public authorities. Types of agenda include media agenda. Media agenda are all issues brought into the public light by the media.
al increment in the overall atmospheric temperatures due to increased greenhouses effects including heightened levels of chlorofluorocarbons, carbon dioxide, sulfur gases, and other toxic pollutants. Therefore, global warming remains a reality due to the known human activities