For any research effective data collections methods are essential to study and solve the research question. This paper will focus on the most common data collection methodologies. Focus group discussion is an informal group discussion technique…
Focus group Advantages and Dis-advantages
According to Morgan (1996) focus group is a research method devoted to data collection to gather data through group discussion. It is an easy way to listen to diverse views of the research issue. Group discussion deals with real life issues and helps in gathering real time data.
However there are several disadvantages of focus group. It is quite expensive and time-consuming research methodology. In focus group that some of the participants are mistaken by the group discussion and they jump to conclusion. It is hard for the moderator to keep the group of people focused on one topic for a long time. Group discussions are not planned. People can go in wrong direction and lot of time is wasted to come back to the original topic. In-group discussion, people take sides, and the mentality of follow the crowd exists.
The research interview is defined as “a two-person conversation initiated by the interviewer for the specific purpose” to find research relevant information and focusing on the interviewee to gather the essential data (Cohen, 2000). The interview involves gathering data through direct verbal interaction between the individuals. Veal (2000) has described interview as a strategy to find out from people about the things, which cannot be observed directly. The interviews are meant to collect data from each respondent face to face. In the interview, each respondent contributes a different perspective of the same question. Personal interviewing provides face-to-face contact with respondents, which permits audible and visual communication with respondents in real time (Joann, 1990). ...
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The paper operates mainly based on research questions which can be stated as follows: What instruments were used while describing the data collection methodology? What did the authors say about the reliability and validity of their instruments? What limitations did the authors face in data collection?
Data Collection for RCT and Phenomenology are very different e.g. in RCT are usually in the form of measurements and all data generated is numerical (statistical); the statistics used are descriptive to describe the sample. On the other hand, in Phenomenology, spoken words are reported verbatim, because one is looking for the interviewee's in-depth experience.
It is worthwhile to mention that sample will be chosen after estimating and analyzing the population of two chosen cities. Indeed, the target market will then be decided so that Santa Fe Grill could offer its products to customers in an efficient and effective manner. Recall that sample should represent the population otherwise the results and findings would become inappropriate.
the era between 1980’s and 1990’s shows that there is no link in payment gaps with women acquired skills rather on gender discrimination (Blau and Kahn, 2006).
According to Hedrick (et al. 2011), there have been conventional perceptions that collective bargaining leads to
Pie chart categorizes data as percentages and each is placed in its own category (Benninga 01). The total of all slices should sum to 100 percent. They are circular in appearance, which allows easy comparison. On the
The author states that qualitative and quantitative research techniques are designed for different audiences: policymakers both in private and in government, funding agencies, academicians, various stakeholders and project clients. Qualitative research interview is one of the most commonly utilized data collection tool.
This means that the evaluation of behavior varies with the location and time and that something may be considered legal in one place but illegal in another locality. Information on crime statistics can be obtained from various sources.
Phenomenology refers to the process of studying an idea or concept that contains a shared meaning for a small group of people. The method involves the lived experiences of a specific phenomenon (Aspers, 2009). For instance, a researcher can evaluate the experiences of individuals going through a period of grief.
systematic approach of gathering and measuring information on different variables so as to establish answers to research questions evaluate outcomes and test the hypotheses. A myriad of businesses across the globe depend on the collection of data for a number of reasons. Most
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