According to Barbara McCombs, “almost everything that teachers do in the classroom has a either positive or negative motivational influence on the students.” (Kelly, 2006) When teaching a lesson, the teacher has to consider the factors such as the size of the classroom or the number of students enrolled in the class, the type of learning materials, the depth of the subject matter, and the time allocated for the lesson.
The 2001 Scottish School Census reported that the average size of a composite class for primary schools should be 20.6 pupils in each class. It is equally important that these students should belong to the same age. (Wilson, 2003) Teachers interact more effectively with students in smaller classes and it takes a lesser time to manage each student’s routines. (Hargreaves, et al., 1997) Interaction between teachers and the students are important to children in kindergarten up to the third grade. It gives the teacher more time to focus of a child’s reading, writing, and math performance at an early stage of education. Students would carry this educational practice as they go through their remaining academic careers. (Hargreaves, et al., 1997) Therefore, the long-term benefit of reducing classroom students is to make each student’s learning capabilities more successful.
Teachers should choose suitable learning materials based on the student-centred approach and other factors such as age, depth of the subject matter, students capacity to absorb the lecture, time frame, etc.