These are; English language culture and their home language culture. This makes the students face problems while learning English as their second language. In other situations, they are not considered as lacking special need but need to have an additional language from what they already know (Baker 2011).
The language used in teaching these bilingual children, at times is difficult for them to construct ideas and understand the concepts. Bilingual students learn in different ways, and they use different teaching resources and instruction. It was found that learning materials should be made for all kinds of students; all learning strategies and not just the teachers’ style of teaching (Berninger 2001).Most of the teachers want to ensure that they teach English to the children in such a way that the process of teaching goes a long with the children development and learning needs. This essay will give a description and analysis of the bilinguals children at Heathfield Junior School educational context.
The socio-economic environment and of the school's situation of bilingual children
Baker (2011) argues that teachers have problems identifying, instructional materials that can be used in teaching the second language children. ...
Further research conducted on the strategies used in reading by bilingual students indicated that these bilingual students use different reading strategies than English monolingual students. Very little research has been conducted to examine the effects of cognitive strategies that bilinguals use in reading text written in second language. Reading, writing, listening, and speaking were theorized tasks that place different demands on bilingual children, including in terms of the use of short-term memory. Graham (2005) indicates that when students write, they use their short-term memories to access knowledge about letter production, grammar and syntax, and writing strategies. This use of short-term memory may lead to limits on fluency, as students attend closely to mechanical aspects of writing. In his findings, he states that the bilingual children develop good writing skills, and they can then develop long-term memories for information about content, genre, creativity, and sentence structure. Observations in school It is important to observe the development of children. Children develop in stages; they develop in individual ways and at different rates. The children’s development in terms physical, cognitive, linguistic, spiritual, social and emotional is very important in learning of English. The children cultural background is equally valued and the parents are not discriminated while teaching these children. The teachers also value the mental, emotional needs and physical of the children in the teaching learning process (Baker 2011). The researcher visited Heathfield Junior School in west Landon and noted how several bilingual children are assisted to learn English as a second language