This essay covers a historical background of bilingual and dual curriculums in the United States of America due to the fact that the US has historically been home to an ethnically diverse group of people with a range of different languages including French, German, Irish, Welsh, Spanish, Dutch etc…
The essay "Bilingual Versus Dual Curriculum Instruction" talks about the history of bilingualism in education which can be categorized into four major stages: permissive, restrictive, opportunist and dismissive.
Prior to the arrival of the European immigrants, United States was home to a variety of native languages, and after the advent of foreign immigrants into the country, the number of languages spoken within its territory increased to approximately two hundred. Throughout the nineteenth century till the beginning of the First World War, the existence of such diverse languages was commonly assimilated throughout the country. Language diversity was acknowledged as the custom and promoted via religion, print media such as publishing of newspapers in diverse languages, as well as using education as a tool to promote language use. Evidence of such permissive period in the history of bilingual education in the country can be found in the various schools which exist throughout the United States.
During the early nineteenth century, the government endeavored to suppress certain indigenous communities such as the Indians, by laying out regressive policies which sought to restrict them to their reservations. Furthermore, several institutions, such as the American Protective Association, were established which strongly encouraged an English-only system of education. The Immigration Restriction Leagues was established during the same period, which aimed at eluding the immigrants from entering the U.S. ...
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In their article titled, In the Future, Diverse Approaches to Schooling, Paul Hill and Michael Johnston identify the changes that public schools are more likely to implement in the next decade. Before giving a list of the changes in public schooling, the authors first identify the reasons why such changes will be in effect.
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Some citations are taken from the book to support interpretations and explanation.
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Being a better man was described as being educated with the intention to use his knowledge as power in his adult life.
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Proposition 227 is a law passed in California in 1998 whose main objective was to ensure all children in public schools be taught in English. According to the proposition, English learners whom it defined as children whose native language is not English would be placed in temporarily in transition classes for a period not exceeding one year.
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