It therefore follows that ethnic and cultural backgrounds play very important roles in the overall success of an individual in need of counseling services or a client already undergoing such therapy. In this paper, an assessment of possibilities that contribute to certain observable counseling efficacy values among Native Americans is made. The challenges faced by this ethnic group will be used to create the link that counseling process seeks to establish in the discourse. Four questions attempting to answer issues touching on unique historical perspectives, counseling process complexities, cultural interaction issues and spirituality are used in the design.
The context of Native Americans is created with an understanding of the history and cultural setting that the entire ethnic group has. Although all Americans would want to dispel any divisive perspective from the social arena, there are unfortunate past events that cannot be wished away without the appropriate confrontation by the aggrieved (Gallay, 2003). Counseling is about healing which probes for any feelings that might make a client remain in a severe state. From a historical perspective, the Native Americans are a sensitive group that still holds some roots of unfair treatment from the European settlers during the slavery age. However, very little information is available regarding the Native American suffering at the hands of slave masters, when compared with the famous African slave trade1. The sensitive developments that the political arena in the United States exposed this group to are still fresh in the memories of a majority of the Americans which brings nasty reactions among them. Cases of rejection, neglect and discrimination from certain sections of their aggressors appear in the broader image of a Native American. For counseling client with such a historical background, it becomes difficult to appreciate the impact of counseling in ...
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The clinical and counseling approaches towards mental disorders today need to be more in consonance with diverse cultural aspirations and the quintessential objective of acquiring cultural competence (Moodley & Palmer, 2006). Varied aspects of the counseling psychology like assessment, research, treatment and education have to be culturally appropriate and apt.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the Cheyenne people who initially colonized a vast section of America form a small section of the American population. They are even classified among minority groups. The general income level is much less as compared to Whites. However, Native Americans are recognized as a special minority group by the US government.
The school was established for the purpose of mainstreaming the Native American children into middle-class America. During this time, children were removed from their traditional environment in order to dissolve their cultural heritage and instill a more civilized set of values.
The History of Native of Americans.
The Indigenous people of the United States are also known as Native Americans or American Indians. They are said to have originated from Eurasia, the latest migration believed to date back to 12000 years ago. Traditionally, they were hunters and gatherers although records show that some practiced aquaculture and agriculture.
He chose his secretary Lewis who sought help from his friend Clark to deputize the expedition over the two year journey with his team of Corps of Discovery. According to Lewis and Clark, in their expedition, they found close to fifty Indigenous Tribes (Native Americans) who were hostile and armed.
However, changes began in the late 19th c which witnessed bloody rebellions and battles: The Native Americans were compelled to protect their lands following legislations enacted by the government of the day in the
in family and tribal groups with common practices, though they mixed up with different communities across different centuries.1 These tribal mixtures involved both Indian communities, as well as, immigrants such as the Europeans. The primitive ancestors are believed to have
Richard Henderson signed a treaty on March 15, 1175, that transferred most of Cherokee native land to the Transylvania Company. Factors surrounding the signing of this treaty were to affect the way Kentucky was to treat natives for a very long time. The most significant factor was the interpretation of a tribal leader's-remark at the treaty signing.
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