The national commission on excellence in education had published a report A Nation at Risk in 1983 which initiated the first steps for education reforms and changes. This paper will focus on what was the field of education like before the implementation of standards; in what ways have standards changed curriculum, instruction, and assessment; the effectiveness of standards as a vehicle for education reform.
The need to reform education was mainly instigated due to the rapidly falling levels of academic achievement. However, the field of education was education was undoubtedly more effective prior to the implementation of standards. It is true that many people educated up to the eighth standard in many school districts had a better education than those who have graduated from high school in recent years. Many of the nation’s great thinkers such as Abraham Lincoln, Newton have not received any formal education but have made the biggest inventions ever.
Earlier the education system was based the theory that some students are smarter than the other and assessment was done on the basis of comparative analysis of one student to another. The main aim of this system was to present the knowledge and skills of the older generation to the new generation. In this system, the content subject matter used to vary with different group of students. There were no specific criteria to deploy the resources because of which students requiring the most received the least ( Mitchell,n.d ). Traditionally, the school curriculum provided an instruction plan which revealed only structured learning practices and outcome for students. However, the standards based system has broadened the scope of the curriculum. Also it believes that all students can get better through effort. The content subject matter is the same for all the students. Assessment is not merely on comparison but based on the standards and benchmarks set by the school authority. Today’s curriculum takes into ...Show more