to Brotherson (2005), “A 3-year-old toddlers brain is twice as active as an adults brain.” However, given today’s scenario of every increasing cost of living it is very difficult for parents to stay at home all the time to take care of their young children. Additionally, most parents cannot afford to send them to a good day care/preschoolwhere the child would be taken care of not just in terms of their basic need of being fed and kept clean, but also their psychological development needs. A ‘Universal Preschool’ is a program which addresses both the concerns. Both about the financial aspects and quality of care provided.
Universal preschool is a program spanning across international geographies. It is said to have started in France in 1834. However, in the US the Head Start program which started in 1965 as a summer school marked the beginning of universal preschool. Many states now have their own universal preschool programs which may differ in structure, but cater to the same needs. For example, Georgia’s universal preschool program which began in 1995 serves all 4 year olds and is a voluntary program. Similarly, Florida started in 2005 with a voluntary program serving 4 year old children (LeMire, 2009). Other states which are running such a program: Illinois, New Jersey, Oklahoma and West Virginia. States which are currently doing ground work to implement universal preschool program: Vermont, Wisconsin, Maryland, New York, Maine, Louisiana, and New Mexico (LeMire, 2009).
The most common arguments given against universal preschools are: huge cost to the state, no long-term impact, negative behavioral and lack of substantial difference in child’s development and cognitive ability.All of these in turn raise questions on efficiency of tax-dollars spent.
“Institutionalized children... suffered developmental retardation and deprivation. In comparison with children raised in families, the institutionalized children suffered heightened emotional ...
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Impairment in its development has drastic effects on social learning seen in autistic disorders (leslie, 2004). Previous research has shown that reasoning about beliefs and desires begins as early as infancy and preschool. A child requires mind development that enables him or her to infer to all mental states that cause action.
Although these programs are all structured differently, they can provide a guide for policymakers interested in creating a universal preschool program in Minnesota (LeMire, 2009, p.1) Universal preschool is an international movement intended to provide preschool education to all irrespective of the barriers created by cast, race, gender, or wealth.
IMPORTANCE OF UNIVERSAL PRESCHOOL
Additionally, there are some programs like the ‘Oklahoma Partnership for School Readiness Act’ which has a broader outreach and includes children from birth to age 5.One of the most important reasonswhy a universal preschool should exist is the underlying fact about the importance of learning at the preschool age.
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not pay adequate attention to the complexity of the factors that add to the worries of the parents and the students in the pursuit of the educational goals of their children. In this thesis an effort has been made to examine the unique elements and features of cross-border flow
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