All these theories will be compared and contrasted as well so as to understand the similarities and differences. Social Cognitive Theory Social cognitive theory explains the acquisition of behavioral patterns by human beings. It is based on the idea that human beings learn by observing the behavior of other people around them. According to the social cognitive theory there are three factors that have an impact on behavior namely environment, person, and behavior. A person acquires knowledge when environment combines with personal characteristics and experience. A learner also evaluates new experiences through the past and prior experience help the learner understand the present experience. In short, it is through the interplay of environment, behavior and personality that an individual acquires knowledge. The social cognitive theory takes into account the personal factors of the learner therefore it is also used in personality development. All the three factors can be manipulated to bring a desired change in the behavior of a person. Social cognitive theory also emphasize on the emotional element of learning. A learner is more likely to learn from a source with which the learner feels emotionally attached (Bandura, 1994). Learning therefore is also dependent on perceived similarities between the model and the learner. The theory focuses on the environmental, personal, and behavioral factors in order to explain how human beings learn. Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory Vygotsky is a Russian psychologist who gave his theory of social development. He emphasizes the role of social interaction in the overall learning process of a person. He explained human development through social interaction and claimed that social learning through interaction is followed by development. The first stage of learning according to Vygotsky is social learning. The social development theory also include ‘the more knowledgeable other’ (MKO). This is a thing or a person that serves as a teacher for the learner as this MKO has skills superior to the learner. The theory also talks about ‘the zone of proximal development’ (ZPD) which is the difference between what the learner can do without help and what the learner can do with MKO. It is in this ZPD that a learner can acquire new knowledge. The main difference between social development theory and social cognition theory is that former argues that social interaction lead to cognitive development and the latter argues that learning takes place with the combination of environmental, personal and cognitive factors. Application of social development theory can be in schools where teachers should focus on open dialogue and should engage in discourse (Hausfather, 1996). It will be helpful because it is through social interaction that cognitive development can be achieved. Game Based Learning Game based learning theory focuses on learning through different activities and games. Learners gain knowledge by taking part in activities designed to challenge themselves thereby keeping their interest and involvement high. It is a relatively new theory that uses games and interesting techniques to help students learn difficult concept. The idea behind game based learning is to attract the attention of the learners and develop interest in order to facilitate learning.
Running Head: Comparison of Learning Theories Comparison of Learning Theories Customer Inserts His/her Name University Name Introduction There are different learning theories given by social scientists that explain how human are able to learn concepts. Some of these learning theories emphasize on cognitive and emotional element and other claim that environmental factors play a role in enhancement of knowledge of a person…
Also, counseling theories have been used as the foundation for understanding a variety of disorders and how clients with these disorders can be understood on a basic level. This research paper will define three counseling theories that include client-centered theory, cognitive theory and holistic theory.
As a teacher, I see to it that learners are well motivated, the environment is conducive for learning, students are relaxed and comfortable, and they receive enough time to rehearse and apply the concepts or skills learned. Putting all these considerations together, I would say that I combine three approaches to learning. These approaches include behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitivism. However, I lay more emphasis on behaviorism because it guides me in my classroom management. There cannot be any learning if a classroom is not managed.
Behaviorism is an important approach in educating younger students. Young learners may sometimes be unmanageable especially when they are left on their own (Casas, 2011). In teaching, behaviorists usually lay down the rules to the students at the beginning of the year.
There are several theories that attempted to explain and conceptualize the process of human learning. The following theories are based on the psychology's schools of thought, which are Behaviorism, Social, Humanistic and Cognitive. In this paper, I have chosen to research and contrast two learning theories in application to teaching and learning photography.
The philosophy of education is the study of the purpose, process, nature and ideals of education. This can be within the context of education as a societal institution or more broadly as the process of human existential growth, i.e. how it is that our understanding of the world is continually transformed via physical, emotional, cognitive and transcendental experiences.
ry" has become an umbrella term for a variety of scholarly approaches to teaching, assessment and education law, most of which are informed by various strands of educational philosophy.
The philosophy of education is the study of the purpose, process, nature and ideals of
Studies also involved experimental techniques such as a comparison of groups or control of groups. Later on, attitude building theories approached the ideas of attitude from the behaviorist point of view, and most
l have the premise of being able to explain how these certain patterns of behaviour and development are linked to how a child grows and changes into a mature adult (Berger 33). While it can be lauded that the theories are instrumental in initiating information about the mind,
Constructivism is another theory that deals with learning through real life example. It mainly deals with teaching creativity and innovation as well as ensures that it instils several intelligences such as visual spatial, logical mathematical, interpersonal