The aggression, antisocial behavior and competition are contrasted with the concept of prosocial behavior. This concept focuses on the positivity and effectiveness of working in collaboration, maintaining a positive level of interdependence, stronger social relationships and better interacting opportunities for children. Prosocial behavior is accustomed with harmony, peace, generosity and cooperation (Lovat et al., 2010). Children with prosocial behavior are selfless and focus on others’ needs and feelings. People exercising or adopting prosocial behavior are considered as altruists who have stronger commitment towards others and others’ wellbeing. If children are directed towards attaining a prosocial behavior, there is a possibility that aggression might be controlled in the adulthood of those children. In order to eliminate the anti-social behavior, cooperative learning was developed with an aim to promote prosocial behaviors among the children, which may further extend its roots to their adult life. Importance of Cooperative Learning in Developing Prosocial Behavior Millis & Rehem (2010) reveal that cooperative learning is a mechanism which is structured in order to work in groups carefully constructed leading to insightful learning, improving the critical thinking abilities and moving the thinking of students’ from one perspective to the other. This type of learning has certain distinguishing factors working behind this model which differ it from collaborative learning. The two factors are positive interdependence and individual accountability (Millis & Rehem 2010). This type of learning does not provide a chance to forego any accountability on individual basis but rather requires the teachers to evaluate every individual’s performance using strategies. It rejects taking an ignorant approach and marking all students as per the group’s collaborative results. On the other hand, positive interdependence is the reliance of each student in the group on the work of others usually due to the nature and scope of the tasks assigned to them. This way, students tend to work with each other and cooperate which further enhances their socialization, collaboration and interaction (Gillies & Ashman, 2003). Cooperative learning is an important technique to improve the prosocial behavior. It enables the students to engage in collaborative efforts to achieve certain goals. The level of communication in and interaction increases and they tend to have an emotional and sensitive attitude towards their peers (Dowling, 2000). In order to develop these feelings, collaborative learning provides a way to integration of children in different smaller groups. Wandberg & Rohwer (2009) conclude that students’ achievement level is higher in collaborative learning environment due to their interaction which leads to better performance in vocabulary, reading, language skills, mathematical results and other educational performances. The reason of improved language performance may be the regular interaction and higher level of communication which allows them to share their thoughts, language differences, diversity and differences in the use of vocabulary which is then shared within the group members. Their collaboration leads them to work out mathematical and other complex questions together combining the knowledge which is shared across the
Cooperative Learning: Encouraging Pro-Social Behavior Introduction Children learn from the environment they dwell in. The modern society emphasizes more and more on competition regardless of the field of life, age group or any other factor affecting it. People uphold a positive attitude towards competition and believe it to be a positive force in terms of improving performances…
The conclusion from this review states that cooperative learning, as a classroom management approach, clearly promotes higher-order thinking, especially when used in mathematics and science subjects. If educators teach their students to perform tasks productively in groups or teams, the outcomes can be a quite dynamic and creative environment.
Babies who are prosocial also feel a sense of belonging to their community. In a caring classroom, where babies are respectfully taught messages about expected behaviors , babies begin to engage in activities together and play with each other.
During the course of my research I came across an interesting paper that discussed the increasingly common behavior of smoking and the social implications that contributed to encouraging this behavior. In this research Poutvaara, 2007, talks about how active smoking is now a major cause of health problems and a advanced death.
Qualities of effectiveness and efficiency of an approach are indicated by the level of retention, capacity to keep learners interested for long periods, and the overall performance of learners in analyses of their learning experience. There are two main approaches to learning which are the cooperative learning approach and the individualistic or competitive approach.
In this manner, this literature review exemplifies the most essential aspects of cooperative learning.
Cooperative learning is hailed as a successful teaching strategy wherein small teams, which are having students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject.
Cooperative learning therefore is the 'instructional' use of small groups to propagate the idea of students working together for shared tasks and goals. The idea is relatively simple. The class is first assembled into groups and then assigned tasks. The groups are expected to accomplish those tasks till all the members of the group understand to task and complete it.
Learning includes academics, training and further encompasses the physical, cognitive, emotional and social development of every individual.
Learning activities combined with an instructional sequence produces various kinds of acquisition of
However, some of the children appear to be more aggressive than their coevals, and always exhibit aggression in their behavior at large. The psychologists have defined various reasons behind such an attitude. One of the most dominant
2 pages (500 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org