B. Description of Initiative: Be sure to clearly identify each heading’s attribute in that section and briefly define it if necessary (e.g., Behaviorism is the psychological foundation behind X, because…) Finally, be sure to connect each section to your initiative and include classroom practice whenever possible.
or be proficient. According to Ornstein and Hunkins (2008), the philosophical and psychological foundations of this initiative have to do with the fact that those in power know there needs to be education reform, but they don’t know what to do (pp. 56). There is a website summarizing the history of No Child Left Behind. It has already been a dismal failure in terms of trying to raise scores, but that is mainly not the issue. The main issues I take task with, going into the profession of teaching are: a) having a goal of reaching 100% perfection with everyone meeting standards (just not realistic in my view), even by 2014, and b) teaching to the test, as that does not necessarily show that students have deep understanding of a concept; it only shows you that they can pass a test, if that makes sense. Assessment class teaches that we have learned that you can assess students in many ways. But giving students tests, especially high-stakes testing, is limited in that it can only assess certain types of knowledge. For example, you cant test students reasoning skills very far with giving them multiple choice items on a standardized test other than to know that they gave you the right answer. That doesnt help you very much. But with a performance assessment of some type, such as an essay question or other assessment where students must create a product or a report of some type (where instructors dont have to "teach to the test"), a lot can be gained about what we call a students "deep understanding" of the material. So that is one reason why I think No Child Left Behind is a bad policy; it focuses on ...Show more