One of the oldest philosophies of education was presented by Plato (Cahn, 1997). The philosophy of education by Plato can still be witnessed in the today’s education system. The philosophy presented by Plato was based on his vision of an ideal Republic. According to Plato, the State should take the responsibility of educating the children and they should be educated in such a manner that they serve the State afterwards. He suggested that the children should be educated in order to make them eligible for the right kind of service to the State (Lachs, 2008). The education provided should be in a specialized field and those students should serve the State in the field in which they specialize. The possible fields suggested by Plato were military services, city management and dialectic.
On the other hand, Aristotle also presented his philosophy regarding educated and according to him the factors that should be considered in an education system are; human nature, habit and reason. According to him, repetition is the most important tool to cultivate habits in humans. This philosophy is still very apparent in the education systems all around the globe. The idea presented by Paulo Freire can also be related to the philosophy presented by Aristotle that includes the factor of reasoning and rationality. According to Friere, education process cannot be neutral when it comes to conformity with the system already in place and rationalization by the educated. Education either works as an instrument which encourages the integration of generations into the understanding the system already in place and bringing about acclimatization of the people with the system, or it becomes the ‘practice of freedom’ which means men and women think critically for the system and decide whether it is right or wrong themselves without being taught about it.
Thus, it can be said that ...Show more