Depending on the definition of the term intelligence, it can either be decreasing with age (when defined as unitary property), or it can be increasing with age (when defined as entity consisting of multiple factors) (Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner, 2007). There are many studies that prove that fact that aging does not necessarily mean reduction of intelligence.
In one of the researches the authors present their findings based on various tests which help to analyze long and short-term memory tasks of older adults aging (ages 60 through 80) and younger adults (ages 18 through 30) (Bartlett, 2002). The aim of the research was to analyze how aging and experience might affect different aspects of cognition. This research was conducted on the basis of variety of tasks. It was found that there were little to no age effect. Moreover, it was concluded that both adult and young participants of the study equally benefited from the “usefulness of domain-specific musical knowledge” (Barlett, 2002, p. 18). Interesting, aging was in many tasks considered more beneficial than experience. Finally, the researchers found that there were no relationships between aging and music cognition skills; besides, they never found that age differences were reduced in persons who had had more ears of musical practice. The research based on musical experience may be transferred to other domains of cognition. Thus, it could be concluded that aging should not be viewed as some negative process of adulthood, but rather as the ability to get to a bank of cognition resources.
Another interesting research titled Effects of Adult Aging on Utilization of Temporal and Semantic Associations during Free and Serial Recall was published in Memory & Cognition Journal in 2008. The researchers agree that decrease in the level of memory functioning is affected by aging. The authors compared the use of temporal and semantic associations in young ...Show more