Perhaps the greatest finding of the commission’s report was the fact that students present in other democratic countries (especially industrialized nations) were expected to take up to two times as much instructions in core academic areas during the course of a high school year than students being taught in high schools across the United States. (NECTL, 1994) 2. Relating Time and Learning Investigations into time and learning reveal that the amount of time spent on learning and the total learning acquired are directly related. Learning is affected consistently in a powerful manner based on the time allocated to learning. Moreover it has been found that schools that devote greater student time to learning tend to produce students with greater test scores in comparison to schools where student’s time is used up in other activities. (Walberg, Extended Learning Time, 1991) (Walberg, 1988) On the other hand there is no clear relationship between the amount of time allocated for instructing students in a school and the amount of time that students are engaged in various kinds of learning activities. Research carried out on the issue of time spent by students in school reveals that time is just one constituent that is required to ensure learning for students. This also indicates that merely increasing the time spent in schools is unlikely to produce any major changes in the amount of learning of students. The relationship between the amount of time spent and achievement does not present a strong case. Hence it is apparent that by only increasing the amount of time spent in schools will not produce large gains in learning by students. Therefore policy makers cannot expect to increase the amount of time spent in instructing students either in school days or school years in order to justify tremendous increases in learning. Another aspect often brought to light by most researchers is that the utilization of time is far more important than simple increases in the time spent in school by students. As mentioned before mere mechanical increases in time are not likely to produce any major changes in the amount of learning or in academic achievement. However even then certain states are adding more and more time to their class times with some states adopting the school day approach while others adopt the school year approach. Based on these arguments it is pertinent to realize that time spent in the classroom should be optimized further in order to maximize learning in the classroom. This in turn leads to the question: How do aspects of learning and academic achievement get affected as time in the classroom is increased due to extended school year periods? Moreover should such a system be enforced in New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania? 3. Findings 3.1. Academic Achievement The effects of prescribing an extended day or year program for classrooms was only the subject of a very few studies that were reviewed. However the few pertinent studies reviewed indicated that some issues were worth noting. A study conducted on 181 kindergarten students was structured that one half received conventional schooling while the other half received extended year programs at school. The study examined the effect of additional school days on the children’
Extended School Year in New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania 1. Background A longer school year has been suggested time and again and more serious debates on this issue are gaining prominence in educational circles. The amount of time spent in schools by children in the United States in comparison to the time spent by children in other countries has assumed greater interest…
Also known as the Gateway City or the Brick City, it has a history dating back to the 17th Century, when a number of Connecticut families settled there forming a small village (Mumford, 2007). Led by the legendary Captain Robert Treat, the settlers comprising of about 30 families influenced settlement patterns largely due to their strict religious values.
Dear Brothers and Sisters, I am delighted to present the community with my final report on Neighborhood Crime Watch Programs in New Jersey community. The criminal activities going on in New Jersey has reached a level that requires the input of the community.
New Jersey school district has public and private schools. It also has a vast array of higher education institutions. Most public high schools in New Jersey, under the constitution, provide free education for students from five to eighteen years old. The state uses tax levied on New Jersey’s property market to finance free education for elementary and high school students.
Police officers command authority, and they exercise their duties promptly irrespective of whether an individual respects or dislikes the authority. After all, they are just doing their job. Therefore, the public must be aware that challenging this authority has its consequences.
Various forms of crimes may happen whenever and wherever people are present. From simple stealing like pick pocketing to aggravate crimes such as killing, crime may happen without the public knowledge. Its existence drives fear to the locality and may be detrimental to the daily lives of people there.
Just like any other career, effective pursuit of a political career requires creativity and aggression. Any individual pursuing this career needs to be not only visionary but also informed about the changing trends with respect to consumer expectations. It is a leadership oriented career that requires one to clearly understand and appreciate all the facets of the consumer expectations.
Following the wake of Hurricane Sandy, helpful legal information has been provided to nonprofit supporting catastrophe victims. Legal information assists nonprofits with tragedy relief lawful matters allied to expansion and downsizing, fundraising and grant making, conformity with tax-exempt parties, and real estate emergencies.
In New Jersey bear hunt Participants are required to have a Black Bear Hunting Area Permit for All-around hunting license. There are bear hunting areas open to hunting in New Jersey and these gives hunters’ restrictions to hunt in the areas for which they possess a permit.
During the revolution war there were many clashes between the Americans and British within New Jersey colony, it is estimated that there were 296 total engagements that happened within New Jersey this was
The United States of America has 50 states, and New Jersey is one of them. New Jersey is a small northeastern state with some 209 kilometers of Atlantic coastline. New Jersey has 21 counties. Many of New Jersey counties are considered part of New York City and metropolitan area. Gov. Philip Carteret organized New Jersey as an English colony.
7 pages (1750 words)Research Paper
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