A good number of scientists and academic professionals are in agreement that the blueprint for human life and existence lies in the deoxyribonucleic acid, which is termed basically DNA (Williams, B. et al., n.d). The majority of people suppose that the history of humanity lies…
The discovery of the DNA in the 19th century is regarded as one of the most significant biological discoveries of all time. The understanding of the structure and functions of DNA has impacted considerably in the science and medicine fields, with the most noteworthy impact being illustrated in the evolution of man. The discovery of the DNA has since made possible the identification of genes, which in turn permits scientists to acquire more knowledge and perception about the nature of diseases. Consecutively, this has made it permissible for the scientists to be able to diagnosis diseases easily, and by so doing makes it possible to the create drugs to treat these diseases, a quest which is regarded as a fundamental element in the evolution of mankind.
In biology, Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the genetic factor found in human beings and other life forms and the DNA elements that support this matter are referred to as genes. Nearly all the cells in a creature have similar DNA, the majority of it being centralized in the cell nucleus where it is referred to as nuclear DNA (Neale, 2006). Conversely, we note that trace amounts of DNA are found in the mitochondria which are termed as mitochondrial DNA or basically mtDNA. In DNA data is stored in codes comprising of four chemical elements, namely: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine(C) and thymine (T) (Watson, 2004). Nevertheless, we comprehend that, in human beings, DNA comprises of more than a billions elements, which are more often than not similar in all humans. The orders in which these elements appear establish the availability of elements to build and sustain a being which can be likened to the order of letters that form different words and sentences. The four DNA elements merge in a predetermined sequence, in that, A binds with T while C binds with G which results in the arrangement of elements termed as base ...
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Hempel, however, finds this use of induction ridiculous and untenable in a scientific situation. One of the major problems is that using induction to form the basis of a scientific experiment inherently involves the assumptions that it is supposed to remove, and is thus completely self defeating.
Philosophy of science is a field that seeks to understand the underlying foundations, assumptions, methodologies, and implications made in science (Rosenberg, 2005:53). Philosophers of science are out to validate works of science using reasoning and logic.
The features of the classical style in architecture resemble peculiarities of a Greek Doric temple. The greatness of this monumental building impresses immediately. It is very interesting to see how it is possible to unite features of the modernity and the past in the architectural masterpieces.
(Committee on DNA Forensic Science, 1996). DNA identification is one of the most valuable instruments for the contemporary criminologists. This type of analysis provides a very high probability of tracing the criminal in case at least some genetic material that belongs to him is present on the crime scene.
Scientists need to identify some of the risks involved in using induction and specifically the risks involved in using induction reasoning to come up with scientific principles as well as specific scientific judgments. Practically, induction throws up at least three general causes for concern:
an approach with more knowledge and depth, for example knowing that the sky is blue due to refracted light; does not take away from the beauty of a blue sky but rather adds to one’s overall appreciation of its simple beauty as well as a knowledge of why it is blue. The
Due to such significance of inductive suppositions, a huge number of experts, philosophers, and scientists1 have put efforts to evaluate and analyze the role of inductive inferences in scientific achievements of the humans. In specific,