Adult learning is described as both - highly complex as well as deceptively simple, at times, and forms one the most essential elements of an individuals everyday living which help them in understanding, deciphering and implementing the knowledge acquired through learning in…
The concept of Andragogy is considered as extremely vital, and is hence described by several authors as the science of adult learning (Knowles, Houlton, & Swanson, 1998). According to Knowles, the term Andragogy can be defined as "the art and science of helping adults learn" (in Melick & Melick, 2010, pp. 109)
The theory of Andragogy is based on six underlying assumptions which state that, adults must have an understanding of their need to learn; they must assume responsibility of their actions and decisions; they must possess credible experience which in turn can be applied to learning and education; they must show readiness and eagerness to learn and finally, they must give utmost significance to learning, and motivate themselves based on their own internal pressures (Knowles, Holton & Swanson, 1998).
The concept of Androgogy helped in differentiating self directed learning among people belonging to different age groups. The assumptions laid down by Knowles were used to create a model of adult learning whereby, it was suggested that the manner in which adults learn is drastically different as compared to that of a child. Adults are relatively more independent in nature hence the classrooms for adult learning must be designed accordingly, keeping in mind the needs of the learners, both physical as well as psychological. Knowles was of the view that since adults are independent enough to manage their own lives and they must be competent enough to assess and analyze their own learning needs and the modes of teaching used to facilitate such learning (Rubenson, 2011).
The development of the concept of Andragogy has significantly contributed to the field of adult learning, fundamentally by enabling a differentiation between pedagogy and adult learning. The fact that adults learn differently as compared to children has been well established by several studies. Adults are self-learners while children need to be taught and motivated to learn. The practice of adult ...
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“Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/483506-adult-learning-theory-andragogy.
Malcolm Knowles defined four assumptions that were increased to six assumptions about the motivations that adults require to learn. The revolution of seeing that adults learn differently than children provided context for looking at the motivation for adult learning.
Learning is often considered to be quite complex matter which has no specific definition. Correspondingly, a large number of special or overlapping theories are regularly being developed of which few trying to explore new ideas and ways of thinking (Illeris, 2009).
The revolution of seeing that adults learn differently than children provided context for looking at the motivation for adult learning. Just as importantly, defining what makes an individual an adult has meaning when determining how they will perform
Adult learning theories tend to explain how best students pursuing courses at late ages can be assisted. It’s well known that these students are faced by various challenges that make it hard for tutors to achieve their aim of educating them perfectly. Although literature
With this concern, it can be affirmed that learning play an imperative role in development or rather the maturation of which the functions are being performed based on the learning process. In contrast, the approach
The adult education theory gets known as Andragogy, which originated in Europe, and got found by a scholar known as Malcolm Knowles, in the year 1957 (Loeng, 2010). Since then, some theories giving explanations on the same have evolved.
The major reasons for
Further evaluation of the audiences’ response reveals the fact that the presentation through media was most effective as it facilitates better learning in comparison to other processes. The communication process between the presenter and the audience of
In this context, it is worth mentioning that the modern approach to the adult learning was proposed by Malcolm Knowles and B.F.Skinner. In addition, it is further noted that the theories associated with modern adult learning also implies difference between learning at childhood and adulthood.
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