The Developmental delays impact on the learning needs of children in various ways.
For instance a child with Down’s syndrome, an autosomal abnormality can have features such as mental retardation, sloppy forehead, speech problems, large tongue, and heart defects. This child is likely to go through a not so normal learning procedure. First because of the physical appearance, other children may discriminate against them. This will pause as a challenge to the child’s learning needs because socialization is viewed by psychologists as a very important aspect of child learning as seen in the case of Albert Bandura. Albert believed that direct reinforcement cannot account for all types of learning therefore learning can occur by watching other people. This type of social learning works best when there is direct contact with the model being emulated. A child who has Downs syndrome does not have the advantage of freely enjoying this type of learning which encompasses a very large part of young or in this case preschool life.
Down syndrome babies have to be in a special learning environment preferably under the keen eye of a specialist and on special technology to stimulate their minds to enable them learn and grasp the things being taught. These special instances will include physical and speech therapy. Unlike the other children they also have to be treated with more care and both they and their family or caregiver should be subjected to regular counseling. When it comes to playing and games, which are also a very important part of learning, children with developmental delays are also subjected to special circumstances. For instance a child with cerebral palsy cannot comfortably play with the other children. They will need proper supervision which will only be possible after they have gone through sessions that involve medication, psychological counseling. As for the case of fragile X syndrome, these ...
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