Down syndrome, also called mongolism is a hereditary condition occurring due to non-disjunction of chromosome 21 producing trisomy 21 (William, 2005). The condition occurs in 1 per 733 estimates with the chances seen in older parent. Down syndrome has been associated with…
Expressive language may remain intact over a long period, thus acting as a measure of overall ability. Studies have extensively examined adults with Down syndrome on their communication and language.
Studies based on downs syndrome are increasing rapidly. Most of these studies seek to establish the connection among ageing, language and correlated skills in adults. According to Iacono, Torr, &Wong’s inferences, the measures of relationship between language and ageing fail to investigate linguistic domains but rather sensitivity to change. It is evident that expressive language tends to decline with age among adults with downs syndrome compared to receptive language. Studies show that, receptive vocabulary is stronger with age than auditory sentence structure (Cooper & Collacott, 1995). In this case, the expressive language is weak, the speech delays or slows among ageing adults. According to Rasmussen & Sobsey 1994, longitudinal studies conducted on forty (40) years old adults with downs syndrome shows much loss in communication skills in particular receptive language. The study also indicated that dyspraxia sets in, a central nervous system condition affecting speech production. In addiction, this disorder affects the accuracy in gesture use. The ability to respond to auditory stimuli weakens with age meaning that the affected may not respond to when addressed verbally. There are difficulties in comprehending vocals, in this case the person with downs syndrome is poor in understanding spoken language and word discrimination. Scholars questions whether the language decline was as a result of loss of memory, or part of adult-ageing process related to downs syndrome. Receptive language in downs syndrome individuals (40-49 years) shown to be low in comparison to the younger individuals (Dalton and Crapper-McLachlan, 1986).
According to Turner, S., Alborz, A., & Gayle, V. 2008, most people think that academic achievement is anchored on the type and ...
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As humans struggle through the ever increasing myriad of challenges, one thing they have to content with being, that genetic related diseases pose a significant threat to human survival. As such, genetic disorders comprise of various diseases that affect all age groups be it young, or old Genes, (Hindley 67).
Studies provide that the severity of Down syndrome disorders might vary from one individual to another. This article is a summary of the causes of Down syndrome. The pattern of prevalence of Down syndrome Medical studies have classified Down syndrome as one of the most prevalent birth defects.
Intellectual disabilities may be caused by a plethora of reasons and etiological factors. These etiological factors include head injury, fetal alcohol syndrome and genetic causes for instance Down syndrome. Mostly the intellectual disability will be caused by any other underlying disease or disability.
The condition occurs in 1 per 733 estimates with the chances seen in older parent. Down syndrome has been associated with mental progress, growth impairment and some facial characteristics. Individuals suffering from this condition have low intellect ability.
Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder that hampers the mental and physical development of those afflicted. It results when an individual has an extra 21st chromosome, i.e. a total of 47 chromosomes, rather than the usual 46 chromosomes.
This message therapy improved gross motor, feeding, social and cognition scores for both groups attributed to the effects of the Early Intervention programme.
In reference to 'Early Child Development and Care' fine motor skills abridges a coordination of small muscle movements in the fingers usually in coordination with the eyes.
Often Down syndrome is identified at birth as it is associated with some impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth as well as facial appearance.
Common men have 23 pairs of chromosomes but a child with Down syndrome as mentioned earlier has an extra chromosome (47 instead of 46) or one chromosome has an extra part.
The idiot-imbecile-moron stratification was based largely on levels of language usage: the idiot, mostly mute; the imbecile, limited to a few words for common objects; and the moron, capable of short, focused sentences to express his needs. Currently, severe Down's syndrome is considered to be the result of a major disorder of the central nervous system.
There are three types of this disorder: mosaicism, translocation and trisomy 21 (National Down Syndrome Society, 2012). According to statistics, this disorder affects one in every 700-900 babies. Persons suffering from this
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