A critical investigation of existing literature reveals that the problem of educational gap presents numerous challenges to policy-makers. Many studies have examined the achievement gap between black and white students, the contributing factors and the underlying implications. The growing consensus that the achievement gap between black and white students persists even after controlling for various observable characteristics, has been contested. In a survey that used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K), the latest data administered by the Education Department, Fryer and Levitt demonstrated that the achievement gap between black and white students can be eliminated by controlling for observable characteristics of the environment and school (Fryer and Levitt, 2004). The researchers asserted that the gap between black and white students widens once students enter school (Fryer and Levitt, 2004). The author’s main argument is that black student’s underachievement is due to attending lower quality schools. The study is robust and compares results obtained in previous randomized studies with nonrandom sample frames. In a study that examined the extent to which family wealth affected test scores among young black and white students, Conley and Yeung (2008) found little evidence that the achievement gap between black and white students could be explained by wealth disparity. The researchers used data from PSID, a longitudinal study using a sample size of 5,000 participants (Conley and Yeung, 2008).
The paper “Gaps in academic achievement” holds the argument that family and school environments contribute to the achievement gap between black and white students. A critical investigation of existing literature reveals that the problem of educational gap presents numerous challenges…
This paper defines instructional technologies and their place in K-12 curriculums. Barriers to using technologies in curriculum design and the role of effective curriculums in creating technology-oriented learning environments are discussed. Complexities of technology integration with K-12 curriculums are presented.
However, academic achievement not only helps in building social life but also helps in boosting self-esteem and overall growth of human being. Hence, as education helps in fulfillment of basic needs of human beings, every human being should get an equal opportunity to utilize all the educational aspects needed to grow and succeed in life.
In the study done by Flores (2007) who also focuses on socio-economic status, the statistics concerned with ethnicity is also considered. Flores (2007) presents data concerning standardized tests still shows a disparity in regard to ethnicity.
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Why other countries out rank the US academically The US leads in many fronts be it in economics, Gross Domestic Product, Health Care provision, Democracy, Technological advancements, military prowess and influence over other countries.
According to the report there is an abundance of social and political discussion on the problems of crime and juvenile delinquency, how to direct funds for the building of more prisons and juvenile justice facilities. The timing of childhood poverty is critical, and intervention must be directed toward early childhood, specifically.
The data furnished by the Bureau of labor Statistics is amply indicative of the fact that the unemployment rate and the weekly earnings of the individuals is to a great extent a function of their level of academic achievement Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012).
The author states that poor children do not have access to resources that the children of higher income families have access to. The children of professionals are exposed to about 45 million words by the time they are four years old, compared with about 13 million words poor children are typically exposed to by the same age.
mmond (2010), she stated that social equity is an imagination that shall only come into play in ‘utopia’, and this is to say that attaining social equity in all the communities in the World is practically impossible. Darling-Hammond (2010) attributed this comment to the fact
st scores, selection of courses, rates of student dropout, and rates of students completing college education, among other measures of academic success (Hattie, 2012). This design has been used to describe difference in performance between African and Hispanic learners. It also
The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction has a vision statement based on its operational module; Agenda 2017. The state has a mission to ensure all students in the state graduate and the vision statement is: Every Child a
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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