The younger one may not get the opportunity to express his feelings better than the older sibling and his thoughts may remain unexpressed. This paper tends to present a literature review regarding the role of siblings on development. Research Section Berger and Nuzzo studied in their research how older siblings influence the motor development of younger siblings. They interviewed parents of 51 sibling pairs to determine the onset of their children’s motor development. They found that in almost all the cases, it was evident that older siblings affected younger siblings’ motor development as the latter crawled and walked much sooner than their elder siblings had. In cases where older ones moved sooner, it was found that the parental resources were inadequate when the younger child was born which affected his motor development. I agree with Berger and Nuzzo because I have observed many children who come at number 2 or 3 in their sibling order and have learnt to move much sooner than their older siblings. Reid, Stahl and Striano (2010) present a similar research in which they focus on motor development of children in or without the presence of older siblings. In their longitudinal research, infants of age 5-12 months were observed playing. The researchers used Mental Bayley Scale, coded the play in terms of the production of infant goal-directed actions, and concluded that “infants with siblings produced fewer goal-directed actions at 5 months than infants without older siblings, but at 12 months they produced relatively more goal-directed actions than infants without older siblings” (p.325). I agree with the idea that as the children grow older, they start imitating their elder siblings more and more. Downey (2001) presents a different research in which he talks about family size and its effect on children’s development. He suggests that as the family size increases, the parental resources and their time and energy all get distributed so much so that each child gets a little share and not enough. So, older siblings tend to lessen down the cognitive development due to which “children with few siblings score higher on tests of cognitive skills than children with many siblings” (Downey, 2001). However, I do not totally agree because I believe that parental attention is that kind of abstract source that cannot be lessened with each coming child in the family. Parents have the ability to increase their scope of energy and attention as they deal with more kids. Azmitia and Hesser (2008) studied how older siblings and older peers affect the cognitive development of younger siblings. They conducted a pottest in which younger children got instructions from their older siblings and peers. The researchers found that “siblings are unique agents of cognitive development” (p.430) and that the children who imitated and followed their elder siblings showed higher pottest scores that those who followed their peers. They also found the older siblings more happily offered their guidance than did the peers. I agree with this because it is natural for a sibling to help another sibling more than any outsider can do. There is a very important research by Begum and Blacher (2010) who studied the influence of gender, age and family
Siblings play a very important role in the moral, cognitive, intellectual and motor development of other siblings within a family. Parents are not the only primary caregivers in a child’s developmental process, siblings also act as more than secondary caregivers…
Since philosophers appear to be the rebels of the social establishment, and intend to bring revolutionary reforms in the world, they firmly stand against the prevailing perversion and deviancy from the true religious teachings and traditional norms. The intellectuals not only lament over the pathetic moral decline of their fellow beings, but also strive to make corrections in the individual and collective life of the masses through their verbal or written preaching.
Domestic violence can also be termed as battery, spouse abuse or violence within a family which all imply the use of physical force within the domestic unit by one member against another (Sipe & Hall, 2000). This essay will discuss domestic violence, the effect it has on children.
Therefore, it is essential that parents and scholars learn about this stage to make sure proper training, education and assistance will be given to children ages two to six years. For every individual, it is obvious that physical development happens except in some special circumstances.
Today, it is a known fact that the media is filled with aggression and violence to a great extent. In current times, television is the profit-making medium of entertainment for everyone and it has a large influence on the general population of America. It would not be a surprising fact, to know that the children are the main enjoyers of television.
The physical growth goes along side but mental development has considerable significance and virtue. The environment prevalent around becomes an essential part of his childhood memories. Psychologists and researchers believe that learning stage of humans start from day one.
The Relationship between Adolescents’ Deviant Behaviors and Parents, Older Siblings, and Peers interaction. Abstract In this research, an investigation was carried out simultaneously to ascertain the kind of relationship that exists between parents, older siblings, peers, adolescents ‘individual characteristics, and adolescents’ deviant attitudes and behaviors.
The author states that parents are not the only primary caregivers in a child’s developmental process, siblings also act as more than secondary caregivers whom younger siblings follow and consider as role models, consciously or unconsciously. Children spend most of their time with siblings than their parents.
The author provides Adlerian’s theory on psychological effects on a child with the presence of siblings. According to Adlerian, motor development of a child is affected by the environment he is born in and his position in the family. He emphasized on the presence of role model to introduce a child to subtle and meticulous movements.
at caution need to be taken, so as to avoid a situation whereby the development of the grieving person may be affected as a great percentage of the individuals go through deep sorrow, guilt and anger. This paper shall analyze the implications of death on a friend or a family
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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