It provides opportunity for this community of learners to perform various learning activities through overcoming physical and environmental challenges within the learning setup. As a result, AT intervention fills the rift between the needs of disabled students and their bodily limitation hence giving them opportunity to pursue their education up to the highest levels (Hersh, 2008). For instance, optical magnifiers enable visually impaired students to perform learning tasks like reading and experimental observation in a normal way.
There are various types of disabilities with varying degree of complexity encountered in education set up like school. The term disability here refers to any limitation that hinders a student from performing his or her duties in a way considered to be normal. The affected students deviate from traditional methods of undertaking tasks. For instance, a student may not be able perceive sound properly. A person can be born with disability (congenital) or caused by other factors such diseases like polio, accidents/injuries or medical factors like wrongful use of drugs. The disabilities include sensory impairments like the blind, neurological impairments like the epileptic, physical impairments like the muscular dystrophic, cognitive impairments like autism and psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia. Besides, there are another category of disabilities known as learning disabilities. These disorders affect the way students perceive process, store and retrieve information for use. As a result ones thinking, understanding, memorization and retention are impaired. It is important to note that learning disability is not a problem of intelligence. However, learning disability can be suggested through dismal academic performance levels. This form of disabilities is purely neurological. Nevertheless, the situation can be worsened by behavioral and emotional factors such as depression. Some of the common ...Show more