Child care is the context in which early development in children unfolds (Wertfein, Kofler, & Stoll, 2009). Earlier studies of child care in Germany did not differentiate between variations in the quality of child care, but it instead focused on whether child care was harmful (Adler, 1996). Since the 90’s, child care value has been a well-documented and steady predictor of children’s well-being as well as development. Higher quality child care is linked to advanced cognitive, pre-academic and language outcomes (Baliga, 2008).
High quality childhood centers, as well as their variations, affect children’s social and academic development. Children from low earning families who additionally experience poor parental love can benefit from high-quality child care. Quality in infant-toddler centers comprises of structural criteria, orientation quality, contextual quality as well as process quality. Structural criteria refers to the resources as well as organizational dimensions of a child care setting. Process quality, on the other hand, refers to what takes place inside the institution. Many researches testing theoretical models on the link between variables that control process quality have identified various aspects of structural quality plus the quality of working conditions as vital contributors to process quality. There is evidence that almost 25 to 50% of the variance of process quality can be explained through structural and orientation quality. Findings of positive correlations between process quality and perceived job stress hold up the theory that contextual and structural qualities make a difference to quality process in child care. Particularly small group size and low child adults ratios are linked to responsive care giving behavior (Bussemaker, 2008).
Researchers have explored the influence of structural quality on the process ...Show more