Moreover, the principal acts as a link between the school and the general community. In some cases, this job can be extremely demanding, especially when the principal is required to spearhead reforms.
Over the previous two decades, the principal’s job has significantly evolved, requiring the principal in the contemporary school setting to constantly shift and multi-task roles. Being a principal provides an individual with new opportunities and experiences. The constant leadership challenges and changing roles require creativeness from the principal in order to provide viable solutions to emerging problems within the school (Trail, 2000). The purpose of this paper is to document the role of a principal as a leader, innovator, manager, role model, accountant, disciplinarian, community leader, and a regular individual in the society. Focusing on the above mentioned principalship role, an individual will be able to understand the effective characteristics of principalship for heading a school.
The principal traditionally was equated to a middle manager, with strictly defined roles and specified rules. However, with the changing age of accountability and standard based reforms, a distinct perception has resurfaced, drawing significant lessons from corporate contemporary life. This suggests that the principal as a leader should base his or her focus with great clarity on what is significant and needs to be accomplished and how it should be accomplished. The revolution has brought forth dramatic changes with regard to what is needed from the principals by educational stakeholders. As a result, today’s principals no longer operate as building managers tasked with strict adherence to rules, avoidance of mistakes, and implementing regulations. According to Kenneth et al., (2004), the principal as a leader performs such functions shaping academic success vision for all students based on high standards, establishing a hospitable environment for