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Early Child Development: First Year - Essay Example

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Early childhood is characteristically rich in rapid physical changes as the child moves from infancy through early childhood; the infant builds more physical skills and refines the present capabilities. The milestones can be classified into three categories; motor…
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Early Child Development: First Year
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Early Child Development: First Year

In their first month, newborns develop reflexes such as mouthing reflexes, moro reflexes, grasp, and stepping reflex, which disappear with age (Tassoni 589). From 4-7 months, infants are competent to coordinate their perceptive abilities, inclusive of aspects such as vision, touch, and hearing.
In their first six months, they also learn how to lift, roll over, and maintain their head upright. With time, the baby learns to sit on their own and stand with support. Towards their first year, the baby is able crawl devoid of any support and may even take their first steps. Most babies triple their birth weight towards their first birthday. At birth, the baby’s only form of communication is mainly via screaming and crying. However, as time elapses, the infant becomes active and responsive (Johnson and Blasco 226). With time, the baby learns how to giggle, gurgle, and coo. The baby reacts to sounds and how to babble. Towards their first year, the baby speaks a few words, besides correctly identifying mommy and daddy. The developmental milestones registered in the baby’s first year include aspects such as rolling over, walking, and sitting up (Tassoni 590).
In their first year, babies manifest increased control over their gross motor movements. Large motor development registered in the first year incorporates aspects such as holding their head up, pulling up, rolling over, visually following a moving person and walking. In their first year, babies develop fine motor skills development such as purposeful grasping of objects and reaching (Sigelman and Rider 144). By twelve months, the infant develops large muscle coordination enabling the children to sit unassisted, crawl forward, pull up the body to a standing position, and stand unaided, or even take a number of steps in a row.
Small motor development manifested in the ... Read More
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