From the perspective of this theory, Internet is viewed as “the first realistic means for students to connect with civilization-wide knowledge building and to make their class room work a part of it” (Scardamala and Bereiter, 2006, p.2). Flow of information made possible in infinite directions and negating either a top-down or bottom-up approach, (yet incorporating both), is the core characteristic of this civilisation-wide knowledge building process.
Another major aspect of this knowledge paradigm, as put forth by Scardamala and Bereiter (2006), is that it is not an enterprise of any single individual but a collective process (p.2). In other words, instead of the authority-of-knowledge model, what Scardamala and Bereiter (2006) develops is an equality-in-knowledge model, made possible by a forum like Internet and a model by which a great levelling is effected between the inquiries of great scholars and novice students (p.2). Both become party to the discourse within knowledge and about it.
This view of knowledge as a community or civilizational activity rather than a highly scholarly activity (limited to a few brilliant minds) leads to the conclusion that knowledge can be created in class rooms (Scardamala and Bereiter, 2006, p.4). As cited by Scardamalia and Bereiter (2006), there have been many instances of new vision and new dimensions of knowledge emerging once the use of Internet was introduced into the class rooms. There have also been instances when students contributed new insights and improvements to knowledge (Scardamalia and Bereter, 2006). Improvement on existing knowledge rather than arriving at ultimate truth, becomes the key to this new paradigm (Scardamalia and Bereiter, 2006, p.5).
This theoretical model has also put practical know how above the traditional text book knowledge and placed “knowledge of” model above the traditional “knowledge about”
Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter (2006), have identified the function of education as to “enculturate youth into […] [the evolving] knowledge-creating civilization and to help them find a place in it” (p.2) They (Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter, 2006) have forwarded…
From this research it is clear that there is a confluence of leadership theories that the modern manager can employ in his arsenal, and while they sometimes appear to contradict each other, a broad perspective of leadership in the organization shows all of them to be valid, depending on the particular circumstances, and given the complexities of the modern organization.
The author of the research paper "Fuel Cell Technology: A Comparative Evaluation for Applications in Building in Saudi Arabia" analyzes fuel cells that are used in Saudi Arabia. The main interest is that these fuel cells generate a large amount of heat, even more than required. The author also researches the topic of fuel commercialisation.
This gives an insight of the relations,patterns and the principles behind certain decisions taken in a practical manner through proper understanding.This system can also be applied in Educational Decision Support System for an easy decision taking procedure in the educational institute and normalizing the procedure for management of institutional admissions.
Outcome beliefs referred to perceptions that exercise participation will not lead to either somatic or psychological benefits and that there is nothing to be gained from regular exercise. Effort beliefs referred to female individuals’ denial and lack of motivation to invest the necessary energy and effort required to exercise regularly and integrate exercise into their lifestyle and value beliefs were operationalized as perceptions of diminished importance and value of physical activity for the female individual.
Furthermore, organizations today are struggling hard in order to make sure that the right kind of knowledge is being transferred among the employees. This concept has become particularly important because of the increased competition in the market. Therefore, it is immensely important for all the organizational members to have the right set of knowledge.
In other words, instead of the authority-of-knowledge model, what Scardamala and Bereiter (2006) develops is an equality-in-knowledge model, made possible by a forum like the Internet and a model by which a great leveling is effected between the inquiries of great scholars and novice students (p.2).
According to the report the emergence of knowledge based economies however, was the result of a continuous evolution of different perspectives such as classical and organic contributed towards the development of a society which gradually transformed itself. There are two schools of thoughts which emerged in the early days of the emergence.
Therefore, it is immensely important for all the organizational members to have the right set of knowledge. This importance has given rise to the need of knowledge management techniques that organizations can
The author states that building construction projects in Ireland are expected to adhere to the recommended performance criteria provided by the standard from. The other applicable international tools and standards that have been adopted in Ireland for assessing the sustainability of building projects include BREAM, LEED and CEN/TC 350.
3 pages (750 words)Literature review
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