With the increase in the life expectancy and survival of the humans, organ transplantation is in great demand. Numerous technologies are looming to meet the growing demand of organs for transplantation, encompassing stem cells, cell culture, tissue engineering, cloning of cells and xenotransplantation. Still the prerequisites are not fulfilled by these technologies as the demand is far more as compared to the supply of organs for transplantation, moreover, the demand is growing largely (Cascalho & Platt, 2005). What is an organ transplantation? An organ transplantation encompasses a surgical operation where the damaged organ is replaced by a healthy one. It is a broad terminology that refers to the transplantation of solid organs like kidneys, lungs, heart, pancreas, intestines, cornea transplantation, bone marrow and liver transplantation. The sources of organs could be cadaveric organs or from the living person (Cascalho & Platt, 2005). Replacement of the organ is required because of numerous ailments. For instance kidneys, which are the most imperative organ as it plays vital role in the elimination of waste and toxic chemicals, therefore they are vulnerable for damage. Majority of the organ replacement or transplantation cases require kidney transplantation. ...Show more
Organ Transplantation/Replacement Technologies" Definition of the problem One of the leading causes of disability followed by death involves failure of organ(s) to function in an appropriate manner. Major organs like heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and pancreas play vital roles in the metabolic processes, survival and proliferation of an individual…
Organ transplantation is considered as one of the most significant contributions of medical science to the human race. It is a medical procedure that is defined as the ‘surgical removal of an organ from one person to another person’ which is needed in situations such as organ failure or organ damage caused by illness or injury.
The United Network for Organ Sharing, as well as the transplant centers is considered the governing body for organ distribution. Their function includes the crucial determination of organ procurement and distribution as supported by the ethical principles of distributive justice.
The main goal of research in these two fields is to get a deeper understanding of the cell linage. Research on stem cells has opened up a new field of cell based therapies which are capable of treating a variety of diseases through the replacement of the cells.
The clinical and experimental transplantation was extensively exploited in the early 1950s and the first two decades of the 20th century. Joseph Murray and colleagues performed the first successful renal transplant in 1954 at Boston, USA. With no effective immunosuppressant therapies, Murray was aware that tissue rejection would complicate matters for the recipient; therefore in order to minimize the chances of rejection Murray performed the transplantation between monozygotic twins.
According to the paper organ transplant is a health science concept which involve donation of a given organ by another organism to another who has a problem to the extent of dysfunction or malfunction of a similar organ. With the inception of this science there has been a steady rise in emerging issues that if not looked into is likely to erase its effectiveness and reliability.
Organ transplant refers to replacement of a damaged organ or tissue with freshly harvested living organ or tissue. Not all organs are eligible for transplantation. The major organs that are eligible for transplant surgeries include kidney, heart, liver, lung and pancreas.
The organ used as a replacement in the surgery is donated by another human being known as the organ donor. The organ donor may be a cadaver or a live human being. The most important organs that are donated are kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, lungs, bone marrow, skin and cornea.
body and in such cases it becomes immensely important to replace the organ with a new organ through transplantation surgery in order to make sure that the person survives. The organ used as a replacement in the surgery is donated by another human being known as the organ donor.
In addition to that, the society also protects life through different measures, suggesting that life of every individual is precious. There is an ongoing debate about whether organ donation should be seen as
Implying that a patient is to be subjected to a kidney transplant in case his or her kidney is deemed to have failed, and is not in a position to perform its normal functions. Many organ failures often come about due to illnesses or injuries
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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