A noted increase, however, was that of Hispanic students. The enrolment of Hispanic students went up from 6% to more than19% between 1972 and 2010. As such, Hispanic student enrollment surpassed that of white children in the western region and Black American students nationwide. These changes are as a result of change in socio-political policy owing mainly to demographic changes (Bowler & Thomas 2005).
On a smaller scale, the state of Oregon reported changes similar to those seen on the national front. The state total for white student enrolment by the year 2010 was 65.8%, black Americans 2.5%; Hispanics 20.7% while that of Asians 3.7%. Taking 1990 as the base year, there has been a more than 40% increase of cultural diversity up till recently with a large percentage of these changes arising from Hispanic immigration. Of the 48 million students in public schools in 2010 4.7 million were English language learners. In Oregon, more than 7% of the total enrolled students were English language learners. These statistics indicate that there is a need to examine the cultural diversity in schools and come up with proper policies and curriculum that provides for students that fall under these categories.
However, research still indicates that these policies do not shell the culturally and linguistically diverse students because they still experience less favourable learning conditions especially in the public sector. One such report was done by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in 2007. Findings indicated that on average, White pupils in the 4th and 8th grades scored higher in math and reading than Black American, Asian and Hispanic students. Another statistic worth attention is that by the year 2010 10% of elementary and secondary school students were in private schools. Shockingly, this is in light of a 7% drop ...Show more