Applying the Principles of Instructional Design in E-Learning Introduction The discovery of World Wide Web in 1990s altered the communication process from interpersonal to virtual communication. Many people are accustomed to fast and accessible information from the web…
Naidu (2006) defines e-learning as “the intentional use of networked information and communications technology in teaching and learning” (p. 1). E means electronic that signifies the use of the internet in educating students. Furthermore, learning is an act of acquiring knowledge through reading, studying, and applying the skills to measure a person’s understanding of the subject. However, the learning process is rooted on the experiences of students when they use technology. These experiences, whether positive or negative, affect their cognitive understanding of the lessons. Negative experiences develop apprehension in utilizing e-learning, so it is the duty of instructional designer to motivate these students. This paper aims to develop a storyline that will be the basis in applying the principles of instructional design. Storyline The educational system has changed the process of learning through the use of the internet. E-learning has been promoted because it is more effective in incorporating knowledge on students than ordinary classroom instructions. The students utilize e-mail as a method of communicating with their professor. E-mail contains the link to the instructional materials provided by the professor, which informs students to study. Online learning also includes reviews, tests, and assignments. Students allot time for the application of their learning and professor encourages them to meet the deadline. This method is advantageous to students because they could access their study materials anywhere provided that there is an internet connection. Students living in a rural area are provided with broadband due to the difficulty in accessing their instructional materials. The common trend is that students have their own personal computers at home, while other students rent at the internet cafes. Flexibility is the main characteristic of utilizing information and technology; thus, students can study the course materials depending on their convenient time and place. It is expected that students will get high scores, but during the checking of assignments and tests, the teacher noticed that other students have low scores and only few got an average score. The teacher marvels at the poor performance of students because this reflects to the professor’s method of teaching. Thus, the professor began to study the problems of students in coping with the new method of learning. The teacher wants to find out the problem in his teaching method and begins to investigate on the negative experience that the students encountered. The questionnaires were sent via e-mail that contains the feedback and comments of students. Upon receiving the comments, the instructor discovers that the problems are focused on the instructional materials and the technical aspect. For the instructional materials, the students comment that the learning process was very boring or the materials are not interesting. Due to the monotonous feeling of students, they never bothered to understand the concept in the text. The result is poor performance or low scores in their assignments and tests. Another comment received by the professor is the limited value of online information. The students complained that the materials are not new, which discourage them to study seriously. The professor wonders because this is in contrast with the study of Merrill (2002) that one of the principles of instruction pertains to the “ ...
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The basis for instructional design is in behavioral psychology, where learning is defined through paradigms in which expected behaviors are part of how the design of the instruction is put into place. In the video “Merrill on Instructional Design”, the topic of instructional design is discussed.
But as people increase their understanding of human intelligence as well as behavior, they are in a better position of knowing how they can learn more effectively. The last decade has witnessed a tremendous improvement in educational standard where the quality of teachers at all level gets better (Brighouse & Woods 1999).
Learning is a process that involves interaction between the educator and the learning. However not all teaching strategies appeal to students. Teaching methodologies should focus on inspiring, empowering, and motivating students to participate in learning.
Discussion Remediation is needed to ensure the students passing rate on the standardized tests. Parents need to play a more active role within the student’s life especially at the high school level. Parents tend to think when student enters high school the level of tracking as a parent decreases.
E-learning presents limitless opportunities for learning too among young and adult learners alike, who cannot study in real class settings, as well as those who think that technology should be applied to the efficient asynchronous delivery of
Graphic organizers refer to visual representations of concepts, knowledge and ideas to assist students to comprehend meaning and relationships amongst terms and facts in a learning task (Graphic Organizers, 2015).The graphic organizers offer a powerful visual picture of information and permit the mind to understand relationships and patterns.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
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