The opponents of corporal punishment argue that it is an ineffective, brutal, and cruel way of ensuring that students in public schools are disciplined and are of good conduct (Kant and March, 2009). Several researchers have found out that corporal punishment within both the family and school settings can significantly reform children’s behaviors. This argument is supported with research findings by the National Centre for Educational Research and the National Centre for Social and Criminal which concluded that corporal punishment is the preferred punishment mode among teachers and parents. 70 percent of the students that were interviewed during the research reported to have experienced exposure to corporal punishment in school. Also, a significant percentage of 42 percent reported to have enough exposure to corporal punishment at their homes (Alexander and Alexander, 2012).
Considering the preference of corporal punishment by some parents and teachers, and argument against it by others, this issue has remained controversial over time. Studies have found out that those parents who prefer corporal punishment as a mode of punishment will be comfortable if such punishment is meted on their children in school (Bloom, 2010). On the other hand, majority of parents who do not use corporal punishment at home may not be comfortable if it is applied to their children at school. Factors such as poor school management, depression, drug abuse, and peer pressure contribute to poor conduct and indiscipline among students in public schools in the United States. Recent years have witnessed increasing indiscipline among students, a situation that has prompted educational stakeholders to evaluate various options of disciplining children. Corporal punishment is often touted as one of the best options of instilling good conduct and discipline among students (Dayton, 2009).
Despite corporal punishment being appreciated as one of