This paper seeks to highlight critical dates and events in relation to public health, and also the differences between the public and community health in State of New York.
The years between 1805 and 1865 saw New York consolidate a front following the outbreak of yellow fever that reaped havoc in Philadelphia, leaving about 5000 dead. The epidemicresulted in the formation of a committee that was charged with the task of regulating entry into New York as a quarantine effort.However, these efforts only succeeded for a while as thousands of people fell ill in the summers between 1795 and 1803. The committee indicated that other measures were necessary to curb the disease and incorporated sanitation. In the same period, Asiatic cholera hit New Yorkto an inactive health board owing to financial constraints (Bloomberg and Frieden, 2005). It is at this point that public health became a political concern due to the effects it had on the economy. Politics swayed the health board and reformers called for state legislature to create an independent health department, which was realised in 1870. The Department of Health established a medical laboratory facility at the height of the bacteriological revolution. It is during this period that saw mass production of vaccines against various diseases.
The health department experienced a transition to modernity in the years between 1914 and 1922. In 1915, the Bureau of Public Health Education commissioned the printingof publications as well as the production of films to disseminate health information. It is also during this period that polio, influenza and diphtheria hit New York. In 1926, chest X-rays were established to aid in the diagnosis of tuberculosis.Venereal diseases also raised a great deal of concern among the authorities, leading to the creation of Bureau of social hygiene.
Public health was also a concern as evidenced by the actions of Food Inspection Bureau to crack down on poor restaurant sanitation. There was ...Show more