StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Assessing Autism Article Critique - Term Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Assessing Autism Article Critique

The usual way of measuring behavior such as limited eye contact, lack of reciprocal social interaction, fewer greetings and failure to initiate interactions such as offering comfort to someone who is hurt, for example, is to observe how children react in certain contrived situations. This study hypothesizes that children with autism will behave differently from children with mental retardation and children with typical development during natural situations. It proposes that that a standardized way of observing children in the everyday context of school recess would be a helpful assessment tool. The playground observation checklist is just such an observation tool, and the article describes how it was used and the results it produced. These results were then checked for accuracy against other information obtained by the usual autism assessment methods.
There were ten items on the behavior checklist, which is a very small amount, and for each child in the sample of 81 a score of yes/no was recorded against each item during a 15 minute observation period. Two observers recorded the sessions simultaneously, and any instance where a child interacted with an adult during the 15 minutes was discounted, and the observation was repeated until a session with only peer to peer interaction took place....
n educator this is an interesting article which recommends an intervention that is relatively inexpensive, easy to administer and suitable for operation in a school context in a way that does not place any undue pressure on the child. This article was an exploration of the method itself, and more needs to be done on that to ensure that the criteria are worded well, for example avoiding gender bias in the way interactions are described and scored. Assuming these details could be ironed out, this observation checklist does appear to be a good method for making initial assessments to indicate what kind of specialist referral, if any, would be appropriate for a particular child. So long as the observation is conducted by trained observers it could be introduced in an elementary school. There are ethical issues about the method, of course, since parents would need to give permission for such observations to take place, whether for research purposes, or for the benefit of the children themselves. There could be a danger of over-diagnosis, or of inappropriate referrals if too much weight is placed on a single fifteen minute observation, and so any use of this tool would be best placed within a school policy on autism, to be called upon under specific circumstances and regulated by school protocols that protect everyone’s rights. The article by Bradley-Johnson et al. (2008) takes a wider perspective than the article by Ingram et al. (2007) and is aimed at school psychologists, rather than educators. The definition of autism used by Bradley-Johnson et al. (2008) is that of the Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004) which is broader than the DSM criteria. From the start there is an emphasis on “verifying eligibility for special services for autism” which betrays an ...Show more


The article by Ingram et al. (2007) describes an empirical study of 30 elementary school children using a method called “The Playground Observation Checklist.” It starts out by pointing out that severe social impairment is the most prominent feature of autism, as defined using the DSM criteria. …
Author : zmurazik
Assessing Autism Article Critique essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the term paper on your topic
"Assessing Autism Article Critique"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Critique of Research Article
(2000) and published in the British Journal of Urology International. The reason of selection of this research article is that the presence of an indwelling urethral catheter allows continuous access of organisms into the urinary bladder. Analysts and researchers have found out that the duration of catheterization is very important risk factor in the development of catheter-associated bacteriuria.
6 pages (1500 words) Term Paper
High Functioning or Autism
This affliction is apparently linked with abnormal biological and chemical processes within the brain, but the nature of this relationship as well as the actual causal basis of autism remains unsubstantiated (Levy, Mandell, & Schultz, 2009). There is a high possibility that multiple factors contribute to the development of this disorder.
6 pages (1500 words) Term Paper
Assessment Instrument for Assessing Autism
A recent study by Glasgoe (1997) of the development status of 408 children between 21 and 84 months of age explored whether parents’ views about their children’s development would be as accurate as standard screening programmes in identifying a need for referral and found that this measure was “reasonably accurate” across the range of screening criteria, although there was some under-reporting in cases where parents did not speak either English or Spanish well.
7 pages (1750 words) Term Paper
Critique of an Article - Postwar Japanese Economy
Tsutsui’s (2009) globalization perspective of Japan’s postwar economy provides an account of the causal mechanisms attributable to the postwar Japanese economy movement. It is apparent that several historical events similar to those experienced by major industrialized economies influenced the development of Japanese economy.
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Therapeutic Horseback Riding and Autism
In this term paper the researcher tried to explore whether there are some effects from the therapeutic horseback ridings, especially focusing on the problem of autism. This essay compares examples of the people after they done this therapy to the time when they had not undergone the therapy.
8 pages (2000 words) Term Paper
Autistic patients may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas of learning whereas they may lack skills in other areas. Even though, many genetic factors are suspected as the major causes of autism, some
10 pages (2500 words) Term Paper
Autism in Qatar
Time and again, policy makers and various stakeholders have emphasized on the importance drafting policies, practices as well as perceptions regarding people with disabilities in a
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
Module 3 Assessing a Research Study
Sindhwani himself. In itself, the term electronic medical records (EMR) refers to a computerized system that stores and manages medical record in healthcare services providing organizations, such as hospitals,
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Autism related to child language disorder/intervention
ase (it has risen to one in eighty-eight children compared to one in a hundred in 2009 according to 2012 statistics by the Center for Disease Control). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Autism Centers of Excellence (ACE) has a research program that has doubled efforts to
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
Article Critique
The authors of the study attempt to explicate numerous ways in which narcissism manifests itself in these owners. For this purpose, web pages were collected and then strangers were asked
4 pages (1000 words) Term Paper
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us