The theory proposed a model that showed human development in five stages which covered up to the age of eighteen years and more stages ahead into adulthood.
In relation to the observed behaviors, it is possible to correlate the stages of psychosocial theory with some of the observed behaviors. According to this theory, perfect completion of each of these stages results in a healthy and successful personality.
The theory holds that the first stage is a stage of trust versus mistrust .He suggested that in this stage a child develops a great sense of trust in the events around him if care accorded to the child is sufficient (McLeod, 2012). This type of behavior was observed in Eunice in the first category of age groups who kept clinging to her mother’s dress.
The second stage is characterized by autonomy, doubt and shame .This is an indication that the child is developing physically and also developing some form of independence. Eunice showed this behavior again as she walked away from her mother but came back later.
The third stage is characterized by initiative where children assert themselves. This was observed in Michael at age of six as he plans activities to make games (David, Shaffer, & Kipp, 2009). The next stage involves competence where children begin to feel industrious and highly confident as they crave to achieve their objectives. This behavior was well observed in Catherine who fell in the age group of between six to twelve years.
The fourth stage depicts identity and at times confusion .It is the most sensitive in a human life as one tries to realize him or herself both sexually and occupationally .It is accompanied by confusion which later subsides as one realizes who they are.
The fifth stage is characterized by intimacy. It occurs during the age bracket of eighteen to forty years. It is characterized by long term relationships with ...Show more