According to Watson’s Behaviorism, behaviors can be measured, trained and changed. John B. Watson claims, “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take anyone at random and train him to become any specialist I might select…doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors.” This idea of behaviorism was advanced further through the publication of Watson’s classic paper Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It (1913).
Miller (1983) adds that behaviorism, or behavioral psychology is based on the argument that all behavior is acquired through conditioning which takes place through contact and interaction with the environment, and therefore, it is the responses to our environmental conditions that shape our behavior. Behavior is considered in a systematic and observable manner with no weight on internal mental states such as mood and emotions which are argued to be purely subjective. It takes only conditioning for any person to be trained to perform any function completely independent of things such as genetic background, personality or thoughts.
There are two main types of conditioning in behaviorism. The first type is the classical conditioning which is a method of conditioning in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response then a previously neutral stimulus paired with a naturally occurring stimulus. It is seen that, in the end, the previously neutral stimulus (conditioned stimulus) elicits the response (conditioned response) in the absence of naturally occurring stimulus. The second type of conditioning called the operant conditioning or the instrumental conditioning takes place via rewards and punishments for behavior and therefore a relationship is drawn between a behavior and a consequence for that particular behavior.
Cite this document
(“Development and Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 2”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/education/604008-development-and-diversity
(Development and Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 2)
“Development and Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/604008-development-and-diversity.
This paper examines the issues of elder hood, the grief that the old people go through when they attain their prime age. It expounds on the various diseases that affect the elderly people and the problems they encounter when they have reached this age. The above are natural and biological phenomenon’s that are beyond man’s control. Old age is a stage in life where the people in them need to adopt certain new skills, newer mind sets along with socialization customs.
The behaviorist theory became established since the early 1900s when Ivan Pavlov’s experimentation with a dog, food and a bell resulted in the concepts of stimuli and response. He discovered that the dog eventually associated the food with the bell to such an extent that in the absence of food the dog still salivated in expectation of the food.
This paper discusses the context of developing a curriculum in high school where all the individuals regardless of their gender, race, able or disabled are included and their output valued. This essay defines and discusses in broad the issues surrounding the different types of culture in the high school.
There are also the secondary dimensions of the diversity of a particular group known through the educational background of an individual, his income, geographical location, religious beliefs, marital status and work experience amongst other factor. Diversity therefore defines how people perceive each other and how they handle it against the other in their daily interaction (Sweetman, 2004).
Employees are different from each other with respect to race, religion, culture, education and many more things. Its good to apply two man power on a particular project rather than one, same opinion implies on workplaces. Collaboration of people who differ from each other in education, religion, skills, expertise does make a difference, as it can enhances the productivity of the organization.
The American population comprises of whites, Asians, Indians, Latinos, African Americans, Hispanics and Africans. An organization that appreciates diversity in its workforce should exhibit a representation of the above groups among its
anaging diversity “can be the integration of different parts of an organization; it can be the issue of national culture within a multinational organization and it can be the development of equal opportunities” (Kandola and Fullerton, 1998, p.6).
Diversity in workforce
Therefore ethnic diversity is accepting the mentioned differences and interacting on levels beyond any limiting factors. To achieve ethnic diversity, some stages must be followed. They are discussed below.
Acceptance. Characters in the video accept the