Questionnaire Questionnaires are defined as formulated questions that are structured for collecting primary data. These questions are written down for the respondent to provide answers. Questionnaires are also defined as techniques in which different people are supposed to answer the same questions (Beiske, 2007). Researchers should be extremely careful before creating questioners. This is because, questionnaires can be written in understandable English but they are not sufficient for providing the needed data. When a questionnaire is well premeditated, it induces the respondents to give correct and accurate information. Questioners are used for inducting the respondent, thus they come up with new theories. Questionnaires use open-ended questions that explore substantive areas. Some researchers use questionnaires as methods of obtaining reliable information. This is accomplished through deductive approach for testing other theories. Questionnaires help researchers to use deductive or inductive approach or even a combination of the two approaches. Three types of questions are available to the researcher when using questionnaires (Boyce, & Neale, 2006). There are the open-ended questions, which have a wide scope of response and they help to capture the interests of peoples answer. This type of questions does not influence the outcome of questions by deciding the possible responses. The other type of questions is the close-ended type, which are used for questions that require two different answers. The responses required are ‘yes’ or ‘no’ with the intention of making the questionnaire process easy. Strengths of Questionnaires Questionnaires allow a researcher to contact many people easily and quickly. The researcher has a chance to post questions to the group he has targeted. They are easy to create and interpret especially if close-ended questions are used (Boyce, & Neale, 2006). The respondent is left with the time consuming part of answering the questions but the researcher does not have this burden. Questionnaires are easily standardized because all respondents are asked the same questions. As every respondent answers the same questions, this makes the questionnaire process extremely reliable. Researchers are able to tackle embarrassing areas like sex and criminal matters more than any other method. The questionnaires can be completed in privacy, and they are anonymous. Respondents are able to answer questions honestly without being intimidated by the researcher’s presence. Limitations of Questionnaires It is difficult for the researcher to identify complex issues because of the questionnaire’s design. Even if, the researcher uses open-ended questions, the respondent will not answer the questions extensively like in other research methods (Ross, 2005). This usually limits a researcher to get detailed information. When a researcher sends postal questions, he is not sure whether the respondent will fill in the questionnaire. For instance, when a researcher wants to gather information on women opinions, the questionnaire is not useful if answered by men. It is extremely difficult to determine whether the respondent has understood the questions when the researcher is not around. A researcher has to hope that the questions he has presented to the respondents mean the same to all respondents as they mean to him. The numbers
Name Professor Course Date Methods of Educational Research Introduction Before starting any research, it is necessary for the writer to choose the most efficient research methodology in his study. There are many research methods that exist but the researcher must choose the most appropriate method that will suit his research…
Research methods Introduction In recent years, there have been an increasing number of debates amongst scholars, especially amongst those in the study of social and natural sciences, as regards the comparative advantages of qualitative and quantitative strategies for any undertaken research work.
Having a great variety of methods, a researcher is obliged to choose the most effective approach in accordance with the nature of the study. The appropriateness of research methods along with the high level of researcher’s knowledge and skills to implement specific research instruments causes significant effect on the success of the study and the validity of its findings.
The word validity is derived from the Latin word, Validus which means to be strong (Kendler, 2006). Validity in research therefore has to do with how strong the research is, in terms of its design, measurements and the conclusion. Validity can be defined as the degree to which a scientific study measures what it was really ion tended to measure.
Reference to two chosen research articles will be used to illustrate how those styles are used. Those articles are," Does the Auditory Saltation Stimulus Distinguish Dyslexic From Competently Reading Adults" by Joanna Kidd and John Hogben (2007) and "In Maturation of Visual and Auditory Temporal Processing School-Aged Children" by Piers Dawes and Dorothy Bishop (2008).
444 students). The researchers collected data on the demographics of the students during the sample school year, but also gathered information about the teachers' educational backgrounds (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 174).
As outlined in the article, descriptive and statistical analyses were performed to assemble applicable data and results.
The nature of research and its uses are studied and several aspects of research are highlighted in the discussion. The present and future of education and especially secondary levels of education could be considered along with the role of research within the realms of educational settings.
ressed this educational curriculum as it pertains to developing countries where this opportunity for educational advancement and specialization has been far less accessible than in more developed nations of Western Europe and the USA. The focus of this journal article is the
The author states that to test the effectiveness of the new drug on morbidly obese individuals he assumes that there is a causal relationship between dispensing the drug and its effectiveness in reducing appetite. To extend the conclusion to the whole population, this experiment must be conducted on a sufficient number of subjects.
lts and make germane conclusions, researchers require using specific research methods that can be characterized with a great abundance (McNeill & Chapman 2005). It is fair to state that each research approach has its pros and cons that is why for every research problem, the
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