Secondly, designers of norm-referenced tests should pick the content taught in the many schools, in the country. This is especially in the case of nationwide or district-wide examinations.
Essay questions, true or false tests, matching questions, definition and open-ended questions are examples of criterion-referenced tests. They measure a student’s level of competence based on a preset standard without comparing him or her with peers. The objectives of the course and the curriculum inform the setting of criterion-referenced tests. These tests are most helpful when they measure students’ ability in given areas. There exists a need to ensure high validity and reliability of these tests. Firstly, designers of these tests should ensure that they pick the content matching the objectives of the course and the standards of the curriculum (Popham, 2008). A big cluster around the high end of the grading system shows many students met the standards. Secondly, the designers of these tests should suspend their biases. Bias-free tests are fair to all students regardless of gender, ethnic background, race and socio-economic status.
High-stakes tests are another group of tests besides norm-referenced tests. The outcomes of these tests serve to make important decisions in people’s lives. A licensure examination is an example of a high-stakes test. This is because the results of the examination help decide the possibility of an examinee getting a permit to practice as a professional nurse (Kubiszyn & Borich, 2007). Because the results of high-stakes tests determine whether individuals get permits to do something or not, they need high reliability and validity. Speed tests measure the rate at which individuals can perform a given task. The test measures the speed of performance only and not the knowledge of individuals.
There is a possibility of misusing ...
Cite this document
(“Edcaution Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/education/612507-edcaution
(Edcaution Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Edcaution Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/612507-edcaution.
Can you provide an example of this today? a-The Mission Civiliastrice promised the colonized material and cultural benefits, according to Fanon, what does it provide instead? Provide THREE specific examples Fanon uses to support his argument, and demonstrate how he does so?
Current scientific advancements (further discussed below) allows an individual to determine whether they came from the lineage of Bible figures Moses and Aaron, or of Genghis Khan, US President Jefferson, and other historical figures (www.rootsforreal.com).
In his opening statement, Mr. President clearly named every body in general and particular to whom he was addressing the speech. Since this was an Acceptance Speech, the approach of Mr. President to start the speech with thanking America for placing her trust and confidence in his abilities to lead her as a President was fairly understandable.
This is attributed to the availability of digital media which predominantly promotes computer visualization, and the use of architectural design in information systems. In this report the researcher took a study on how technology has affected the world of architecture.
Both Martin Luther King jr. and Malcolm X, spent many years preparing for their futures as ministers. They came from dissimilar backgrounds but both became highly influential leaders for black America. Martin Luther King jr.
The story he reads is a story of the relationships of a young man and a girl from different social classes living in Northern Carolina. Noah and Ellie met occasionally and spent unforgettable summer together until they were separated by their