This essay “Academic Freedom and Duty” gives the definition of academic freedoms and academic duties. It states the difference in the two terms while explaining what they entail precisely. There will be examples of the freedoms and duties with their relation to conducting research…
Knowledge should improve, with the coming of new ideas and facts every day. This freedom is important for the better good of education. Without this freedom, it would be difficult for the public to know the truth concerning concepts to enable them to improve their understanding of academic concepts (Nelson, 2010, p 2. L 20).
The first freedom states that teachers have a right to conduct research in whatever area they desire to improve their performance when exercising academic duties. Research is a basic tool of learning through which scholars expand their knowledge and come up with related concepts. It is through research, that scholars could identify flaws, which could have been present in texts. Knowledge represents ideas that one researched and presented depending on the evidence and findings. There could have been flaws in the past that occurred due to the poor methods of research then. With modern technology in place, scholars can revisit the concepts with new hypothesis and ideas (Nelson, 2010, p 1, L 15).
The second freedom is that the teachers have a right to discuss their own relevant ideas in class. With good research in place, the teachers could come up with ideas that relate to the topic in class. Such ideas could be absent in the course text, but still be a matter of importance for discussion in class. The teachers, however, should be keen not to introduce irrelevant material during lessons in class. In addition, controversial ideas should not come up during a discussion in classes. Topics relating to religion could be sensitive when discussed in classes. In as much as there is freedom of speech and academic freedom, religion, and such sensitive issues could result to complications that limit other people’s right,s (Krell, 2010, P 261, L 14). ...
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As a result the clamor and demands for “individuality” is causing researchers and social scientists to re-examine the layers of the human social experience and how it relates to society’s current structure. Personal Freedom a relatively “new” invention is a phrase that has the preconceived attributes of rights, liberty, “freedom,” and social mobility.
Thus, Americans see freedom as the most essential ingredient in human life, both socially and politically. Tracing the American history of freedom, it can be seen that while the white Americans have faced problems in America under British colonization, Black Americans remained imprisoned in the name of slavery, denied of all rights.
The international covenant on civil and political rights (ICCPR) recognizes the freedom of expression as to having right to holding opinions without interference. The right to speech and expression is related to other rights and it is always limited when in conflict with other rights.
Among the most prolific early thinkers were Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Newton, Galileo and Boyle and Bentham. These thinkers were in part responsible for shaping the views of Kant in that he drew elements of their brand of moral philosophy to serve as focal points of criticism and facilitators of his metaphysical dualism.
Significantly, Kant’s philosophy is anchored in his conviction that the value of man is inbuilt in his ability to reason and his criticisms of utilitarianism have become well-known in the history of philosophy. An analysis of Kant’s ethics of duty and freedom as a response to all previous ethical theories proves the characteristics of the Kantian ethics and the most significant contrast to utilitarianism, according to Kant, is the ethics of duty in which normative judgments are made on the basis of the character of the action rather than its consequences.
He rejected the supposedly objective accounts of the good for man –proposed by the perfectionist positions associated with Plato, Aristotle and much Christian ethics–, as well as the subjective conceptions
Educationalists, sociologists and politicians have expressed different views about the extent up to which academic freedom can be granted to the instructors. Some people believe that the professors should concentrate or limit their focus to the academic subjects included
ought to have freedom of teaching and communication of facts or notions without posing as potential targets for job loss, repression and possible incarceration (Silver, 2001).
Academic freedom poses as an overtly contentious issue with apparent drawbacks in actual practice. In
The author believes that the missing element of criticism which is lacking in academies or educational institutes in most parts of the world is something that needs to be added to academic life to resolve issues of politics which include race, gender and culture.The author’s choice of words and statements is assertive yet not offensive at all.
ssay divulges the contrasts among the two concepts through narration of my personal experiences regarding how boundaries of academic freedom can be crossed and the dilemmas that may arise as a result. In the end, the essay is summarized and concluded by providing lessons learnt
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