"Reflection is an important human activity in which people recapture their experience, think about it, mull it over and evaluate it. It is this working with experience that is important in learning." (Boud et al, 2013, p. 19) This principle has, in recent years, been termed as reflective practice technique and has been widely accepted across the world as a developmental tool for individuals, groups and organisations. Also it has been recognised as a modern tool to aid in various teaching and learning environments. For the last few decades, the concept of reflective practice has been in vogue and there has been a growth in interest in the literature regarding reflective and experiential learning. The concept focuses on the integration of the elements of theory and practice. It emphasizes the cyclical chain of learning that comprises learning from one’s experiences and the well-informed application of the knowledge thus gained. There are several theories on reflective practice which lay down different ways of evincing learning from life experiences.
The concept of reflective practice was first explored in 1933 by John Dewey in his study of the interrelation between experience, interaction and reflection.(Dewey, 1933) Other scholars such as Carl Jung, Kurt Lewin and William James have also reflected on this practice in their various works. But the concept found its first well formed expression in Donald Schon’s book The Reflective Practitionerpublisher in 1983.Schon defined reflective practice as the ability to reflect on one’s action and thus learn through this continuous practice. (Schon, 1983) Gillie Bolton, however, adopts a different perspective when he refers to reflective practice as “paying critical attention to the practical values and theories which inform everyday actions, by examining practice reflectively and reflexively... leads to ...Show more