This article written by Simonsen et al focuses on classroom management as a “critical skill area” and asserts that elementary level teachers need to be taught “practices that are backed by evidence” (2008: 351). The article further seeks to provide an “update” on what is currently known about classroom management as well as provide necessary guidelines for translating this knowledge into “practical classroom practice” (352). The article thus presents the methodology used for literature search, the results of the search, a “self-assessment tool” as well as “implications for future research” (352). Thus in this light, the researchers thoroughly examined various literature related to classroom management and finally identified “20 practices” that could be effectively implemented.Furthermore, the 20 practices identified as a result of the literature search have been group into five, that is, maximising structure; posting, reviewing as well as emphasising expectations, making students engage in ways where they can be observed, using various strategies to encourage and appreciate appropriate behaviour and also developing proper responses to inappropriate behaviour. The researchers believe that these features can be enforced with proper planning before the term session begins as well as throughout the school year. However, the limitation in their study is that the literature they used for the research purpose is over twenty years old.