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Assessment Instrument for Assessing Autism - Term Paper Example

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Assessment Instrument for Assessing Autism

This suggests that a system for eliciting parental views should be built into any assessment tool for autism, and that extra language support for non-native speakers of Spanish or English should be provided to ensure that this group is not left behind. There is a wealth of knowledge that parents can contribute, if a method can be found to elicit their views and record them in a consistent and comparable way. Parallel to the input of parents, there is the standard procedure of child development screening carried out at specified stages during health and educational interactions. The BRIGANCE Standard Diagnostic Comprehensive Inventory of Basic Skills (Glasgoe, 1999) was first devised in the 1970s and has been refined and extended since then to cover a wider age range and a more clearly defined set of criteria. In its present form it is widely accepted as a good standard instrument which allows both effective local assessment and wider collation of results across the United States which can be used to build a picture of changes in the patterns of child development as they emerge. This test certainly does pick up significant numbers of cases for further investigation but it is not specifically designed to screen for autism. Parents and broad based standard testing are therefore a crucial first line and very basic level of screening which are effective for the majority of children. A screening instrument in the UK for very young children around 18 months of age called the “Checklist for Autism in Toddlers” or simply “CHAT” has a series of yes/no questions. The questions in section one are general, such as “does your child enjoy being swung, bounced on your knee” and these are answered by the parent, while other are observational questions which the health professional answers, such as for example whether the child has made eye contact with the health professional during the session. (Baird et al., 2000, p. 695). This instrument was followed up and found to be very effective at predicting autism disorder in the cohort, once again showing the value of integrating the screening process within the standard healthcare system and involving parents in the questions. There is some suggestion in the literature that particular sub-sets of children who have autism-related developmental disorders may be missed by some of the conventional screening instruments in use at the present time. Apart from the issue of parental language competence interfering in screening results, there is also the question of some types of high functioning autism which do not show developmental deficits until school age or later (Baird et al., 2001, p. 468). The determining of criteria in screening tests should therefore concentrate not only on deficits, but also on other, sometimes positively viewed attributes such as higher than average skill levels in particular areas. Psychologists, educators and parents participation in Autism screening? With the numbers of autism cases apparently on the rise, there are grounds for investigating whether there are any better methods that could be used to screen for a ...Show more
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Assessment Instrument for Assessing Autism Name University Date Introduction: is there a need for better autism screening? The simplest type of screening for all developmental issues is the least technical of all: many American families: parents and other relatives become concerned about a perceived deficit in a child’s development in one or more skills area and they bring this to the notice of someone in the health or education professions…
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