The instructor did not give any specific negative reinforcement either.
However, on six instances, the instructor gave general positive reinforcements, during which the observer encouraged generally desirable behavior from the participants. Again there were no instances of general negative reinforcements.On two occasions, the instructor provided specific technical instructions to individual members. The instructor also provided a total of 34 general technical instructions to the class, representing 74% of the instructor’s total actions during the session.
At no point during the observed session did the instructor act to correct undesirable behavior or breach of discipline among the members, as described in the CBAS coding sheet as keeping control. The instructor acted to organize the participants four times during the session by giving instructions relating to their positioning or organization of the class area.
Therefore, the most frequently observed behavior was general technical instructions. This is as would be expected from a gym class, where the participants are only required to follow the instructions of the instructor. Conversely, the least observed behavior was specific reinforcement, both positive and negative, and also general negative reinforcement. The lack of general negative reinforcement is because the success of the gym class relies on the enthusiastic contribution of the participants, and therefore the instructor would not be required to highlight or punish undesirable behavior of the whole group, as this could easily demotivate the group.
The ratio of positive to negative reinforcements was zero, since there were neither positive nor negative reinforcements during the session. However, the ratio of specific technical reinforcements to general technical reinforcements was 2:34, suggesting that the instructor paid much more attention to the activities of