This research illustrates that in reviewing the literature, various definitions of faculty development are offered. One is by Nelson:
“Faculty development is any activity that is “designed to improve faculty performance in all aspects of their professional lives – as scholars, advisers, academic leaders, and contributors to institutional decisions”.
This definition identifies the roles that the faculty members take on when they assume their positions in their college or university. The roles enumerated reflect heavy responsibilities that require intelligence and skill. Sullivan agrees with Nelson’s definition in claiming faculty development’s concern in advancing the knowledge in one’s subject matter and mastering one’s own craft as it relates to teaching. Elbe & McKeachie follow suit in identifying faculty development as “college and university activities that are designed to "help faculty members improve their competence as teachers and scholars". These definitions point out to improving professional skills of the faculty, but on a more personal note, Rostek & Kadivko add that the faculty’s professional development should include "purposeful learning experiences undertaken in response to individual needs". On a more collective scale, Centra defines faculty development as “college and university activities that are designed to "renew and maintain vitality of their staff”. Trends and issues in education develop in both breadth and depth. This process is faster due to technology and emerging modes of communication. ...Show more