Apart from this, there are characteristics of a democratic society which public schools have to assist the public in developing and maintaining. Such are the ability to accommodate and resolve disagreements, accommodation of people with different beliefs and views, and respect for others with differing opinions. Because of these characteristics, a society only maintains such a state if the citizens are able to deal with disagreements and resolve them, respect people with differing views and understand a society composed of different people, with different perceptions about various things in life. Education promotes all these characteristics through provision of knowledge and wisdom: To deal with the disagreements and resolve the; to understand how to treat people with different beliefs and views; to understand the consequences of empathy and flexibility in dealing with other perspectives, and to respect for others with differing positions. The proper role of public schools is through provision of knowledge and wisdom. With these two, the individuals will be able to understand the meaning of civil rights and liberties in the society. The civil rights and liberties define a democratic society.
Democracy: From our group discussion, there are common characteristics to what members thought about democracy; freedom, equality, and protection of people’s rights. Democracy is a state in a society where everyone has a right to his or her social and political views, has equal rights to the management of the society. It is a state, in which everyone can present a voice, and everyone is allowed to participate in political, social and economic activities of the society (Discussion Group Dialogue).
All the group members agreed that the primary good of public education is public. The reasons given for this argument is that public education provides an equal opportunity for everyone